Discourses against Judaizing Christians

By Saint John Chrysostom; Paul W. Harkins | Go to book overview

DISCOURSE IV

Against the Jews and the trumpets1of their Pasch

Delivered at Antioch in the Great Church 2

A GAIN 3 THE JEWS, [871] the most miserable and wretched of all men, 4 are going to fast, 5 and again we must make secure the flock of Christ. As long as no wild beast disturbs the flock, shepherds, as they stretch out under an oak or pine tree and play their flutes, let their sheep go off to graze with full freedom. But when the shepherds feel that the

____________________
1
The title presents a problem when it speaks of the "trumpets of their Pasch," since Montfaucon and others seem to prove that Discourses IV-VIII form a series relating to the September feasts and fasts of 387. The Passover (which fell on April 25 in 387) or its continuation, the feast of unleavened bread, are mentioned several times in this Discourse (e.g., 4.4.3-8; 4.5.2-4) but always in a generic sense in support of the sermon's main thrust against the Judaizers, who would now observe the Law so exactly but at the wrong time and place. Fasting is also frequently mentioned (e.g. 4.1.1; 4.1.3; 4.1.5; 4.5.2-4; 4.5.6). The opening three paragraphs anticipate by ten days or more the coming of the fast as it was anticipated by fifteen or more in Disc. 1 (see Disc. 2.1.1) and by five in Disc. 2 (ibid.). This seems to favor Montfaucon's argument and indicate the September fasts on the Day of Atonement and the Ten Days of Penitence following Rosh Ha-Shanah (EJ 15.1001), as also does Chrysostom's clear statement that the Jews were not permitted to fast during the feast of the unleavened bread, which included Passover (Disc. 4.5.3). Furthermore, we find in the present sermon several echoes of Discourses I and II which were certainly aimed at the September feasts and fasts. Trumpets did have a cultic use. The NAB note on Nm 10.10 says they were blown at the great annual feasts of Passover, Pentecost (see below, n. 36), and Tabernacles. There is no mention of trumpets or trumpeters until toward the end of this Discourse (4.7.4-5). The title does not appear in all MSS or editions and may be a later intrusion.
2
The Great Church,octagonal in shape, and with a gilded roof, was begun by Constantine in 327, completed by his son Constantius, and dedicated in 341. It was closed by Julian the Apostate in 362, in reprisal for the burning of Apollo's temple at Daphne. The Arians later occupied it until Bishop Meletius, who had acknowledged the Nicene creed, recovered it in 364 (cf. Downey, History 342-46, 388, 396, 399).
3
Montfaucon interprets this as marking the beginning of a new series (Monitum, PG 48.841).
4
The adjectives echo "the pitiful and miserable Jews" of Disc. 1.1.5 and 1.2.1.
5
The Ten Days of Penitence between Rosh Ha-Shanah and Yom Kippur. See Disc. 1.1.5.

-71-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Discourses against Judaizing Christians
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • The Fathers of the Church *
  • The Fathers of the Church *
  • Discourses against Judaizing Christians *
  • Contents v
  • Preface ix
  • Select Bibliography xiii
  • Abbreviations xvii
  • Discourses against Judaizing Christians *
  • Introduction xxi
  • Discourse I 1
  • Discourse II 35
  • Discourse III 47
  • Discourse IV 71
  • Discourse V 97
  • Discourse VI 147
  • Discourse VII 177
  • Discourse VIII 205
  • Indices 243
  • Generalindex 245
  • Index of Holy Scripture 273
  • The Fathers of the Church Series 287
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 299

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.