In response to national welfare reform legislation, California passed legislation on August 11, 1997, that replaced the existing Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) and Greater Avenues for Independence (GAIN) programs with the California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs) program. Following an open and competitive bidding process, the California Department of Social Services (CDSS), which administers CalWORKs, awarded a contract to RAND to conduct a statewide evaluation of the CalWORKs program.
This RAND report presents early results on the impact of the CalWORKs program. In particular, it presents analyses of national data (administrative data on caseloads and national survey data on household income) and statewide data (on caseloads, employment, and earnings). An executive summary of this report is published separately in Welfare Reform in California: Early Results from the Impact Analysis, Executive Summary (MR-1358/1-CDSS).
This is the first of two reports on the impact of CalWORKs. The second impact analysis report will appear in mid-2002.
The implementation of the CalWORKs program is described in a parallel set of process analysis reports. The second of these, Welfare Reform in California: State and County Implementation of CalWORKs in the Second Year (MR-1177-CDSS) and its corresponding executive summary, Welfare Reform in California: State and County Implementation of CalWORKs in the Second Year (MR-1177/1-CDSS), were released in February 2001.
For more information about the evaluation, see http://www.rand.org/CalWORKs or contact:
Jacob Alex Klerman RAND 1700 Main Street P.O. Box 2138 Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138 (310) 393-0411 x6289 firstname.lastname@example.org
Aris St. James CDSS 744 P Street, MS 12-56 Sacramento, CA 95814 (916) 657-1959 email@example.com