This appendix presents a brief description of some of the analytic methods used to derive the results reported in the text. Further information on analytic methods can be found in the underlying technical reports cited in the opening footnotes of each section.
The Q5-based approximations to the federal participation rate were computed pursuant to discussions with staff at CDSS and reflect their suggestions about how to approximate the official federal rates from the Q5 data. The official rates are 42.2 percent for all families and 54.3 percent for two-parent families. This approximation yields estimates of 42.4 and 54.2. Imposing a more natural interpretation of the federal regulations yields slightly lower estimates, 40.1 and 53.6.
Specifically, in our approximation, all cases participating 25 or more hours per week are included in the numerator and the denominator. Unlike the PRWORA requirements shown in Table 2.1, single-parent cases with a child under six years of age that are participating between 20 and 25 hours per week are not considered to participate. Disabled, sanctioned, and caretaker families participating less than 25 hours per week are excluded from the numerator and denominator. Two-parent cases in which either parent is disabled are excluded from the numerator and denominator.
in FFY 1999
The approximation for the nation as a whole is computed using estimates of the shares of cases derived from the FFY 1999 TANF Report to Congress (Tables 2:5.B and 2:6.A). The caseload counts there imply that California's one-parent and two-parent cases are, respectively, 19.7 percent and 4.2 percent of the national total, and the corresponding figures for the balance of the nation are 73.1 percent and 3.1 percent.