DISEASE AND HUMAN SECURITY
COLD WAR ERA
With the collapse of the Soviet bloc in Eastern Europe in the late 1980s and early 1990s, it appeared that the world system could be on the threshold of an era of unprecedented peace and stability. Politicians, diplomats, and academics alike began to forecast the imminent establishment of a new world order, increasingly managed by an integrated international system based on the principles of liberal sdemocracy and the free market.1 As this new world order emerged, so it was assumed that serious threats to international stability and security would decline commensurately.
However, the initial euphoria that was evoked by the end of the Cold War has now been replaced by a growing sense of unease that nontraditional challenges—so-called “gray area phenomena”2—may soon come to assume greater prominence. Such concern has been stimulated by the remarkable fluidity that now characterizes international politics, an environment in which it is no longer apparent____________________