Wage Growth in the Civilian Careers of Military Retirees

By David S. Loughran | Go to book overview

Appendix
DERIVATION OF RETIREE STATUS FROM
CENSUS DATA

The 1970, 1980, and 1990 U.S. Census includes questions on military service. Unfortunately, only the 1990 census specifically asked respondents to report years of service. Consequently, the analysis in Table 2.10 in Chapter Two uses information on periods of service, in combination with current military status and age, to code individuals as either a retiree or civilian.

Beginning with the 1970 census, I code all individuals between the ages of 40 and 44 not currently on active duty service but who reported serving during the Korean conflict (1950 to 1955) and the Vietnam era (1964 to 1975) as retirees.1 It is unlikely that many of these individuals separated with less than 20 years of service because, by serving in both of these periods, they would have served a minimum of nine years and would have forgone a substantial amount of delayed compensation (pension income) by separating early.

I start with a group age 40 to 44 in 1970 because I want individuals who are likely to be recent entrants into the civilian labor market. I then code individuals between the ages of 50 and 54 in the 1980 census as retirees if they served between 1950 and 1955 and 1964 and 1975, did not serve between 1975 and 1980, and were not currently on active duty service. Finally, I code individuals age 60 to 64 in the 1990 census as retirees if they served between 1950 and 1955 and

____________________
1
1There is no indicator variable for service between 1955 and 1964 in the 1970 U.S. Census.

-55-

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Wage Growth in the Civilian Careers of Military Retirees
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Preface iii
  • Contents v
  • Figures vii
  • Tables ix
  • Summary xi
  • Acknowledgments xvii
  • Acronyms xix
  • Chapter One - Introduction 1
  • Chapter Two - Comparing Civilian and Retiree Wage Growth 7
  • Chapter Three - Accounting for Low Retiree Earnings 41
  • Chapter Four - Conclusions 53
  • Appendix - Derivation of Retiree Status from Census Data 55
  • Bibliography 57
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