Constituting Human Rights: Global Civil Society and the Society of Democratic States

By Mervyn Frost | Go to book overview

Notes

1Introduction
1
An example here is provided by the hard-fought debates between Christian theologians for and against an understanding of Christianity known as ‘liberation theology’.
2
Prominent modern examples of jurisprudents who have engaged in this kind of interpretive effort are Ronald Dworkin, Lon Fuller, John Finnis and Joseph Raz.
3
An example of the putting forward of rival understandings of this practice was provided in the debate in the USA about the place of the liberal canon in university life in general.
4
W. Dilthey, Selected Writings, trans. H.P. Rickman, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 1979; Ludwig Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations, trans. T.E.M. Anscombe, Blackwell: Oxford, 1963; P. Winch, The Idea of a Social Science, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1958.
5
Timothy Dunne, ‘The social construction of international society’, European Journal of International Relations, vol. 1, no. 1 (September 1995), pp. 367-89. Martha Finnemore, ‘Norms, culture and world politics: insights from sociology’s institutionalism’, International Organization, vol. 50, no. 2 (Spring 1996), pp. 325-47. Peter J. Katzenstein, Cultural Norms and National Security: Police and Military in Postwar Japan, Cornell University Press: Ithaca, 1996. Bruce Hall, ‘Constructivism, sovereignty, and the methodology of hopeful non-determinism’, paper presented at International Studies Association congress in Minneapolis, Providence, 1998. Christian Reus-Smit, ‘The constitutional structure of international society and the nature of fundamental institutions’, International Organization, vol. 51, 1997. Ammanuel Adler, ‘Seizing the middle ground: constructivism in world politics’, European Journal of International Relations, vol. 3, no. 3 (September 1997), pp. 319-64. Kathryn Sikkink, Ideas and Institutions: Developmentalism in Brazil and Argentina, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1991. Jeffrey T. Checkel, Ideas and International Political Change, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997. Alexander Wendt, ‘Anarchy is what states make of it: the social construction of power politics’, International Organization, vol. 46, no. 2 (Spring 1992). Cecelia Lynch, Beyond Appeasement, Interpreting Interwar Peace Movements in World Politics, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1999. Audie Klotz and Cecelia Lynch ‘Constructing Global Politics’, unpublished manuscript, 1999.
6
For a discussion of the uneasy mix of positivist and hermeneutic aspirations in the constructivist literature, see Richard Shapcott, ‘Solidarism and after: Global governance, international society and the normative “turn” in International Relations’, Pacifica Review vol. 12, no. 2, June 2000, passim.
7
The circularity is illustrated in the following sequence of questions and answers: Question: ‘What guides the behaviour of diplomats?’ Answer: ‘The rules of diplomacy’; Question: ‘What are the rules of diplomacy?’ Answer: ‘The rules which are followed by diplomats’. When seeking to put forward an understanding of any practice

-139-

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Constituting Human Rights: Global Civil Society and the Society of Democratic States
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • 2 - Individual Rights in World Politics 17
  • 3 - Foundational Practices 40
  • 4 - Individual Rights in Conflict? 48
  • 5 - Civil Society 67
  • 6 - Rights in the System of Democratic and Democratizing States 97
  • 7 - Civilians and Citizens 128
  • Notes 139
  • Index 156
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