Cultures of Disaster: Society and Natural Hazards in the Philippines

By Greg Bankoff | Go to book overview

Tables
1.1 Dangerous regions as western discourse 15
2.1 Southeast Asian forest cover by subregion 1980-96 20
2.2 Southeast Asian urban population by subregion 1975-95 23
2.3 Comparison of hazards to land mass by region in Eastern Asia 1900-97 28
3.1 Proportion of forest cover to land area 1575-1990 34
3.2 Recorded storm surges by region 1897-1984 53
3.3 Damages by region following the typhoon of 22-23 October 1831 55
3.4 Typhoon and earthquake risks, premiums and losses 1919-28 (pesos) 58
4.1 Increasing frequencies and effect of landslides 1970-99 65
4.2 Annual statistics on drought 1983-98 75
4.3 Monetary damages caused by natural hazards as a percentage of national budgets 1985-95 (billions of pesos) 77
4.4 Comparison of people affected by natural hazards and cost of damages by region 1993-97 81
4.5 Comparison of cost of damages caused by natural hazards to GDP (at current prices) 1990-99 81
5.1 Comparison of Calamity Fund to national budget and disaster losses 1985-95 (billions of pesos) 86
6.1 Comparison of El Niño-Southern Oscillation events to major Pyrodinium toxic bloom years, 1972-88 112
7.1 Losses to rice and corn production due to ENSO-induced droughts 1977-93 133

-xi-

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Cultures of Disaster: Society and Natural Hazards in the Philippines
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Figures ix
  • Tables xi
  • Preface xiii
  • Introduction: of Jellyfish and Coups 1
  • 1 - ‘vulnerability’ as Western Discourse 5
  • 2 - Environment and Hazard in Southeast Asia 18
  • 3 - A History of Hazard in the Philippines 31
  • 4 - The ‘costs’ of Hazard in the Contemporary Philippines 61
  • 5 - The Politics of Disaster Management and Relief 83
  • 6 - The Economics of Red Tides 106
  • 7 - The Social Order and the El Niño-Southern Oscillation 123
  • 8 - Cultures of Disaster 152
  • Conclusion: Hazard as a Frequent Life Experience 179
  • References 200
  • Index 225
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