Children on the Streets of the Americas: Homelessness, Education, and Globalization in the United States, Brazil, and Cuba

By Roslyn Arlin Mickelson | Go to book overview

Glossary

a
abertura the political opening that preceded the fall of the Brazilian military junta during the 1980s
axé a Yoruba word, meaning force and power

b
balseros people leaving Cuba for the United States on rafts
barrios poor neighborhoods
Bel-India a characterization of Brazil as a country, because it has both the wealth of Belgium and the oppressive poverty of India
branco/a white, referring to light-skinned Brazilians
Bretton Woods institutions the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank were born at a 1944 conference held at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire

c
candomblé a syncretic religion that combines African and European beliefs and rites and is practiced in Salvador, Bahia, and elsewhere in Brazil
capoeira an Afro-Brazilian sport that combines choreographed dance and martial arts
Candelária Cathedral site of the infamous 1994 massacre of sleeping street children in Rio de Janeiro
cariños affection
cariocas residents of Rio de Janeiro
casas cunas Cuban foundling homes
Casas Abertas “open houses,” a program for street children in São Paulo
casco histórico historic section of Old Havana
círculos infantiles Cuban day care centers for working mothers
círculos infantiles mixtos Cuban mixed day care centers for children under 6 (CIMS)
clientelismo a widespread system of public corruption; a political spoils system that guides the administration of Brazilian education and other public services, whereby political supporters of public officials are rewarded with jobs, contracts, and other favors
conscientization the process by which education enables a person to gain a tranformative self-awareness and liberatory political consciousness, introduced by Paulo Freire
contagem de crianças e adolescentes em situação de rua census of children and adolescents in street situations
Copacabana a prosperous beachfront neighborhood in Rio de Janeiro
crianças e adolescentes de rua children and adolescents who claim the streets as their principal residence (children and adolescents of the street)
crianças e adolescentes na rua children and adolescents who use the streets as a place of work or recreation, occasionally sleeping on the streets, but who maintain ties with their families (children and adolescents on the street)

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