A Political Chronology of South-East Asia and Oceania

By David Lea; Colette Milward et al. | Go to book overview

Myanmar

3rd century BC-9th century AD: Several ethnic groups established settlements in the area of present-day Myanmar. The most prominent were the Mons, who occupied the lower portions of the Ayeyarwady basin, and the Burmans, who established themselves on the upper reaches of the Ayeyarwady.

849: The Burmans founded the town of Bagan, which became the capital of a powerful kingdom and was known for its wealth and architectural splendour.

1056: The King of Bagan, Anawratha, was converted to Buddhism by a Mon monk.

1057: Anawratha destroyed the Mon kingdom after launching a successful campaign to capture holy Buddhist scripts (the Tripitaka) from the Mon.

1077: Anawratha died after completing successful campaigns against the northern Shan people and the western Arakan kingdom.

13th century: The Bagan kingdom continued its expansionist policy at the expense of neighbouring kingdoms.

1287: Kublai Khan’s Mongolian army defeated the Bagan kingdom at the battle of Vochan.

15th century: The Burmans, the Shan and the Mon fought a series of inconclusive wars.

1530: Tabengshweti acceded to the Burman throne. His army, operating from the Burman capital of Toungoo, secured control over an area roughly equivalent to modern Myanmar.

1584: The Kingdom of Siam declared its independence from the control of the Toungoo dynasty, which gradually declined in importance.

1636: The Burmans transferred their capital from Toungoo to the northern city of Ava.

1752: The Mon conquered Ava, ending the period of Burman control.

1824: British forces stationed in India invaded the southern region, meeting resistance from indigenous forces. The conflict became known as the first Anglo-Burmese war.

1826: The British and Burmese signed a peace treaty at Yandabo by which the Burmese ceded control of the southern provinces of Arakan and Tenasserim.

1852: The second Anglo-Burmese war took place. The British occupied Rangoon (Yangon) and the remainder of the south of the country.

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A Political Chronology of South-East Asia and Oceania
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Foreword v
  • Contents vii
  • Australia 1
  • Brunei 16
  • Cambodia 22
  • East Timor 42
  • Fiji 50
  • Indonesia 58
  • Kiribati 81
  • Laos 85
  • Malaysia 96
  • Marshall Islands 108
  • Federated States of Micronesia 112
  • Myanmar 115
  • Nauru 127
  • New Zealand 131
  • Palau 145
  • Papua New Guinea 148
  • The Philippines 157
  • Samoa 176
  • Singapore 180
  • Solomon Islands 186
  • Thailand 191
  • Tonga 208
  • Tuvalu 211
  • Vanuatu 213
  • Vanuatu 215
  • Viet Nam 217
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