A Political Chronology of South-East Asia and Oceania

By David Lea; Colette Milward et al. | Go to book overview

Singapore

c. AD 300: Chinese documents contain the first written reference to Singapore, which is described as Pu-luo-chung or ‘the island at the end of a peninsula’.

c. 500: The port of Temasek (Sea Town) became a trading outpost of the Buddhist Srivijaya Kingdom, the capital of which was Palembang, Sumatra. The island also became a staging post for traders sailing between China and India.

c. 1400: The island’s settlements were attacked and destroyed during a war between two rival empires, the Thai Ayudhya and the Javanese Majapahit. The former ruler of Temasek fled to Malacca on the western coast of present-day Malaysia, where he founded a new empire.

1511: Malacca and its possessions, including Singapore, came under the control of Portugal. Many Muslim traders transferred their operations to Johore, at the southern end of the Malay peninsula, across the causeway from Singapore.

14 January 1641: The Dutch captured Malacca from the Portuguese with the help of the Sultan of Johore.

August 1795: During the Napoleonic wars, the Dutch ceded Malacca to the British East India Company rather than lose the territory to the French.

1818: The British restored Malacca to the Dutch at the Treaty of Vienna. None the less, Lord Hastings, the British Governor-General of India, tacitly approved the establishment of a trading station at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula.

6 February 1819: Sir Stamford Raffles, the British Lieutenant-Governor of Java, established a trading station on the island, after brokering a commercial agreement with Sultan Tengku Hussein, whose claim to the throne was backed by British forces.

1820: Singapore began to generate significant revenue for the British-owned East India Company. The growth of the port attracted thousands of migrants from China, India, and other parts of South-East Asia.

March 1824: The Dutch and British Governments signed an accord designating Singapore as a British colony.

August 1824: Sultan Hussein agreed to cede control of Singapore to the British Government in exchange for a cash payment and a pension.

1826: The British East India Company began to administer Singapore, Malacca and Penang jointly as the Straits Settlements.

-180-

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A Political Chronology of South-East Asia and Oceania
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Foreword v
  • Contents vii
  • Australia 1
  • Brunei 16
  • Cambodia 22
  • East Timor 42
  • Fiji 50
  • Indonesia 58
  • Kiribati 81
  • Laos 85
  • Malaysia 96
  • Marshall Islands 108
  • Federated States of Micronesia 112
  • Myanmar 115
  • Nauru 127
  • New Zealand 131
  • Palau 145
  • Papua New Guinea 148
  • The Philippines 157
  • Samoa 176
  • Singapore 180
  • Solomon Islands 186
  • Thailand 191
  • Tonga 208
  • Tuvalu 211
  • Vanuatu 213
  • Vanuatu 215
  • Viet Nam 217
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