A Political Chronology of South-East Asia and Oceania

By David Lea; Colette Milward et al. | Go to book overview

Thailand

9th century BC: The Mon and Khmer people from southern China migrated to the central plains and northern highlands of modern Thailand.

1st century AD: A group of tribes belonging to the Thai group of southern China began to migrate to the region from the province of Szechuan.

6th century: The Mon kingdom of Dvaravati was established in the Chao Phraya River plain and the kingdom of Karipunjaya to the north. The states were influenced by Indian culture and adopted Hinduism.

8th century: Missionaries from Ceylon (Sri Lanka) introduced Theravada Buddhism to the region.

733: The first Tai state, Chiang Saen, was established on the banks of the Mekong River; over the following centuries, the state vied for control of the surrounding territory with peoples based in the modern countries of Cambodia, Laos and Viet Nam.

10th century: Dvaravati became a subsidiary of the Khmer kingdom of Angkor.

1238: Two Tai generals, Khun Bang Klang Thao and Khun Pha Muang, rebelled against the Angkor empire and established a Tai kingdom at Sukhothai.

1279-1317: During the reign of King Ramkhamhaeng (‘Rama the Great’), Sukothai evolved to become one of the most important states in the region. Its lands were extended to include territory which bordered the Andaman Sea to the West, Laos to the East and Malaya to the South; diplomatic relations were also established with China. Ramkhamhaeng used Mon and Khmer scripts to create the first Thai alphabet.

1296: Tai warriors from Chiang Saen captured the former Mon state of Haripunjaya and founded the kingdom of Lan Na, with a capital at Chaing Mai.

1351: Ramathibodi I founded the Buddhist kingdom of Ayutthaya on an island in the Chao Phraya river. It prospered from trade with the Ryuku Islands, China, India and Persia. The king later introduced a legal code based on the Hindu legal text, Dharmashastra, and appointed four of his prominent officers with the respective responsibilities for the Royal Household, Local Government, Finance and Agriculture.

1448: King Borommatrailokanat (Trailok) ascended to the throne of Ayutthaya; he led a series of military campaigns against Lan Na.

1511: Ayutthaya received a diplomatic mission from the Portuguese, who had earlier conquered Malacca (Indonesia).

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A Political Chronology of South-East Asia and Oceania
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Foreword v
  • Contents vii
  • Australia 1
  • Brunei 16
  • Cambodia 22
  • East Timor 42
  • Fiji 50
  • Indonesia 58
  • Kiribati 81
  • Laos 85
  • Malaysia 96
  • Marshall Islands 108
  • Federated States of Micronesia 112
  • Myanmar 115
  • Nauru 127
  • New Zealand 131
  • Palau 145
  • Papua New Guinea 148
  • The Philippines 157
  • Samoa 176
  • Singapore 180
  • Solomon Islands 186
  • Thailand 191
  • Tonga 208
  • Tuvalu 211
  • Vanuatu 213
  • Vanuatu 215
  • Viet Nam 217
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