This report presents an individual's strategy for preparing for, and responding to, terrorist attacks involving chemical, radiological, nuclear, and biological weapons. The objective is to provide simple and clear guidance for individuals to help them protect themselves in the event of an actual terrorist attack, which may involve extremely hazardous and unfamiliar conditions. Steps individuals are now taking or might take to avoid such attacks are not considered in this report.
In fall 2002, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation asked RAND to conduct this study in an effort to develop guidance for individuals that would complement terrorism preparedness efforts at the local and national government levels. The result is an empirically based strategy that individuals can adopt and implement on their own.
Beyond individuals, government agencies and nongovernmental organizations charged with emergency preparedness, response, and management are encouraged to integrate this material into their plans, training, education, and public awareness campaigns. In addition, the report outlines the important roles that government and businesses play in enabling some of the individual's actions.
The reference card included at the back of the report encapsulates the key recommendations in the individual's preparedness and response strategy and can be removed for display in a prominent place. This strategy is also available in the form of a quick guide. See Individual Preparedness and Response to Chemical, Radiological, Nuclear, and Biological Terrorist Attacks: A Quick Guide, Santa Monica Calif.: RAND, MR–1731/1, 2003.
This study was conducted within RAND's Public Safety and Justice program. RAND Public Safety and Justice conducts research and analysis that helps inform policymakers and communities in the areas of public safety, including law enforcement, terrorism preparedness, immigration, emergency response and management, and natural disasters; criminal justice, including sentencing