In addition to the authors’ cautions on their data we might add that only 10 per cent of the workforce are employed in manufacturing, and that job losses are direct ones within the plants concerned whilst a greater job loss may have occurred amongst rival plants which have not automated. More generally we might add that British manufacturing industry appears to have ‘raised’ productivity in recent years, not by investing in microtechnology but by eliminating ‘uneconomic’ plants and using labour more intensively (Massey and Meegan, quoted in Finn, 1984, 28). Japanese, American and newly industrialized country entrepreneurs may have, wisely, followed a different strategy, with serious potential consequences for British employment figures in the UK’s exceptionally open economy.
Darnton, G. and Giacoletto, S. (1992) Information in the Enterprise: It’s More than Technology, Burlington, Mass., Digital Press (now available from the first author ISBN 1-902755-01-4). Develops the analysis of information economics in this chapter.
Moschella, David (1997) Waves of Power: Dynamics of Global Technology Leadership 1964-2010, New York, American Management Association. Excellent analysis of development of the IT industry.
Porter, Michael (1990) The Competitive Advantage of Nations, New York, Free Press. A classic.
Zerdick, Axel et al. (2000) E-conomics: Strategies for the Digital Marketplace, Berlin, Springer, for the European Communication Council. Excellent introduction to the changes the Internet is bringing about in the world economy.