Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture

By Eamonn Rodgers; Valerie Rodgers | Go to book overview

Arrabal’s work is a childlike charm, a certain uninhibited festive play with life as he sees it. The writer is at heart an anarchist, although far more prone to mischief. He confounds and celebrates this confusion for the sake of creating a fog from which a new order might emerge. Beneath the posturing are the charming views of a writer who never wants to grow up, fortunately.


Further reading

a
Arata, L.O. (1982) The Festive Play of Fernando Arrabal, Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky (focuses on Arrabal’s theatre up to 1972 and places it in a critical historical context as a form of festive play).
Arrabal, F. (1993) Pic-Nic, El triciclo, El laberinto, Madrid: Catedra (this new edition by Angel Berenguer contains a thorough biographical chronology and bibliography up to 1984).

LUIS O.ARATA


Arrese y Magra, José Luis

b. 1905, Bilbao; d. 1986, Corella (Navarre)

Politician

A founder member of Falange in 1933, Arrese distinguished himself by his emphatically pro-Nazi stance before and during WWII, even advocating in 1943 that Spain declare war on the side of the Axis. As Secretary-General of the National Movement (1941), he helped to absorb and emasculate the old, socially radical Falange and subordinate it to the political needs of the Franco regime. When Director of Press and Propaganda in the 1940s, he was responsible for setting up both Radio Nacional and the No-Do (Noticias y Documentos—News and Documentaries), the sole permitted supplier of cinema newsreels, which cinema-owners were compelled to project, on pain of heavy fines (see also censorship). In 1956, Arrese tried to institutionalize the National Movement and give it more clearly-defined role within the state, intending that it should continue to be the dominant political force after Franco’s retirement or death. This plan, however, provoked determined opposition among monarchists and the military, who persuaded Franco that the succession problem would be better dealt with by an authoritarian monarchy. Another factor in the defeat of Arrese’s plan was Franco’s unwillingness to allow the creation of a power-base which might threaten his personal rule. Though Franco sympathized with Arrese, he moved him sideways into the politically less sensitive post of Minister of Housing. Arrese later resigned in 1960 in protest at restrictions on public spending.

Arrese’s career illustrates the tensions among the various interests and factions in the Franco regime, often wrongly supposed to have been a rigidly monolithic structure.

See also: Franco Bahamonde, Francisco; Francoist culture; history


Further reading

p
Preston, P. (1993) Franco, London: Harper Collins (an outstanding biography, which gives a profound insight into every aspect of the Franco period).

EAMONN RODGERS


Arribas, Alfredo

b. 1954, Barcelona

Architect

Arribas distinguished himself in the late 1980s with several projects in Barcelona. His futuristic designs for bars and restaurants are a significant contribution to the growth of Interiorism, and their sympathetic reception by the public is a powerful vindication of the movement. Important examples are the establishments Network and Velvet (both 1987), Torres de Avila (1992), and Estándard (1993). The Gran Velvet (1993) and the Hirai Museum (1993, Marugame, Japan) are his main architectural achievements. His work has won numerous prizes, and in 1995 to 1996 he completed prestigious projects in Germany, such

-29-

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Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction x
  • Acknowledgments xii
  • Structure xiii
  • Architecture xiv
  • A 1
  • Further Reading 7
  • Further Reading 11
  • Further Reading 29
  • Further Reading 37
  • Further Reading 41
  • B 44
  • Further Reading 47
  • Further Reading 65
  • C 70
  • Further Reading 81
  • Further Reading 93
  • Further Reading 100
  • Further Reading 113
  • Further Reading 128
  • D 135
  • Further Reading 136
  • Further Reading 140
  • E 152
  • Further Reading 155
  • Further Reading 166
  • Further Reading 171
  • F 173
  • Further Reading 185
  • Further Reading 206
  • G 213
  • Further Reading 227
  • Further Reading 229
  • Further Reading 231
  • Further Reading 242
  • H 245
  • I 261
  • Further Reading 266
  • J 276
  • Further Reading 280
  • K 283
  • L 285
  • Further Reading 292
  • M 313
  • Further Reading 332
  • Further Reading 335
  • N 359
  • Further Reading 362
  • Further Reading 365
  • O 376
  • P 384
  • Further Reading 429
  • Q 430
  • R 433
  • Further Reading 435
  • Further Reading 436
  • Further Reading 439
  • Further Reading 443
  • References 452
  • S 464
  • Further Reading 471
  • Further Reading 475
  • T 502
  • Further Reading 508
  • Further Reading 509
  • U 526
  • Further Reading 536
  • V 537
  • Further Reading 538
  • Further Reading 539
  • Further Reading 544
  • W 545
  • X 550
  • Y 552
  • Further Reading 553
  • Z 554
  • Index 557
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