Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture

By Eamonn Rodgers; Valerie Rodgers | Go to book overview

essentially personal poems. Above all, Ferrater writes about a recognizable world; his poems are a serious and many-sided attempt to show what it means to live in this world—one which is accessible to anyone with eyes to see it.


Further reading

m
Macià, X. and Perpinyà, N. (1986) La poesia de Gabriel Ferrater, Barcelona: Edicions 62.

p
Perpinyà, N. (1991) ‘Teoria dels cossos’ de Gabriel Ferrater, Barcelona: Editorial Empúries (on Ferrater’s final collection).

t
Terry, A. (1979) ‘Preface’ to G. Ferrater, Mujeres y días, Barcelona: Seix Barral.

ARTHUR TERRY


FEVE

In 1965 the state-owned railway company Ferrocarriles Españoles de Via Estrecha (FEVE) was formed to take control of the publicly owned narrow gauge railway system (see also railways). Some parts of the narrow gauge system were transferred to the regions in 1978, leaving FEVE free to operate a network which in 1996 extended over some 1,100 km in the north of Spain. Passenger traffic is concentrated on urban commuter lines, discouraged from using longer distance routes by slow speeds resulting from single track working, sharp curves, steep gradients and circui-tous routes (although these characteristics have been taken advantage of in operating a tourist train, the ‘Transcantábrico’).


Further reading

w
Wais, F. (1987) ‘Ferrocarriles de via estrecha’, in Historia de los ferrocarriles españoles, 3rd edn, vol. 2, chapter 18, Madrid: Editora Nacional for the Fundación de los Ferrocarriles Españoles (discussion of the development of the narrow gauge railway system in Spain).

KEITH SALMON


fiestas

Each of the approximately 8,000 villages and small towns in Spain has its own annual fiesta, which in the smaller and poorer villages can last a few days, and in the larger towns anything from a week to a month. Despite the long-standing pattern of migration from the villages to the major cities, many people return to their family’s place of origin to take part in the fiesta. These occasions originated in religious festivals, though increasingly they have come to be combined with civic celebrations. Typically, there is a solemn religious ceremony attended by the village dignitaries in full regalia, and a series of secular events celebrating regional dress, food, music and sports. There are often literary competitions, plays, corridas, all emphasizing their distinctively local character, as well as special events for particular groups, such as senior citizens, children, guilds and civic and religious fraternities. A raffle, where the prize is a lamb or a calf, is sometimes used to finance a banquet specifically for the single young men and women of the village. All of this takes place to the accompaniment of music and verbenas, that is, open-air dancing, especially at night.

The importance of tourism has led many towns and villages to invest a great deal of effort in enhancing the beauty and distinctiveness of their fiestas. Some are officially designated as events of ‘International Tourist Interest’, such as the Carni-vals of Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Cadiz, the Holy Week Processions of Seville, Valladolid, Málaga, Cuenca and Zamora, the April Fair in Seville, the Pamplona Sanfermines (the running of the bulls, widely publicized by Hemingway), the fallas in Valencia and Alicante, the festival of Corpus Christi in Toledo, the mock battle between Moors and Christians in Alcoy, the Elche Mystery Play and the Wine Harvest in Jérez de la Frontera.

Many towns have, in addition to their major festival, a second one, primarily for local people, without the overwhelming presence of tourists, such as the unpublicized ‘Little San Fermín’ in Pamplona. There are also less elaborate festivals marking particular events in the agricultural calendar, such as the blessing of the animals on St Anthony’s day, the celebration of the wine harvest at Michaelmas, and the Cruz de mayo (The

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Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction x
  • Acknowledgments xii
  • Structure xiii
  • Architecture xiv
  • A 1
  • Further Reading 7
  • Further Reading 11
  • Further Reading 29
  • Further Reading 37
  • Further Reading 41
  • B 44
  • Further Reading 47
  • Further Reading 65
  • C 70
  • Further Reading 81
  • Further Reading 93
  • Further Reading 100
  • Further Reading 113
  • Further Reading 128
  • D 135
  • Further Reading 136
  • Further Reading 140
  • E 152
  • Further Reading 155
  • Further Reading 166
  • Further Reading 171
  • F 173
  • Further Reading 185
  • Further Reading 206
  • G 213
  • Further Reading 227
  • Further Reading 229
  • Further Reading 231
  • Further Reading 242
  • H 245
  • I 261
  • Further Reading 266
  • J 276
  • Further Reading 280
  • K 283
  • L 285
  • Further Reading 292
  • M 313
  • Further Reading 332
  • Further Reading 335
  • N 359
  • Further Reading 362
  • Further Reading 365
  • O 376
  • P 384
  • Further Reading 429
  • Q 430
  • R 433
  • Further Reading 435
  • Further Reading 436
  • Further Reading 439
  • Further Reading 443
  • References 452
  • S 464
  • Further Reading 471
  • Further Reading 475
  • T 502
  • Further Reading 508
  • Further Reading 509
  • U 526
  • Further Reading 536
  • V 537
  • Further Reading 538
  • Further Reading 539
  • Further Reading 544
  • W 545
  • X 550
  • Y 552
  • Further Reading 553
  • Z 554
  • Index 557
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