Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture

By Eamonn Rodgers; Valerie Rodgers | Go to book overview

H

Halffter, Cristóbal

b. 1930, Madrid

Composer

The nephew of Ernesto and Rodolfo Halffter, Cristóbal Halffter has worked in Spanish radio, taught at the Madrid Conservatory and conducted the Orquesta Manual de Falla. His later work uses contemporary techniques, including electronic media. His son Pedro (1971-) has continued in the family tradition.


Further reading

r
Rodríguez, G. (1995) ‘Segunda generación’, El País (supplement, 17 September): 67-71.

JESSAMY HARVEY


Halffter, Ernesto

b. 1905, Madrid; d. 1989, Madrid

Composer

Ernesto Halffter studied with Manuel de Falla, composing a number of pieces whilst still a young man. Upon Falla’s death, he undertook to complete the composer’s unfinished work Atlántida, premièred in Milan in 1962. Like his brother Rodolfo, he left Spain after the Civil War, and settled in Portugal, where he continued composing and worked as conductor of a chamber orchestra.

JESSAMY HARVEY


Halffter, Rodolfo

b. 1900, Madrid; d. 1987, Mexico City

Composer

A member of a distinguished musical family, Rodolfo Halffter, brother of Ernesto, was largely self-taught as a composer. Some of his works were lost during the Civil War. After the end of the war in 1939 he lived in exile in Mexico for the remainder of his life, becoming a leading musical figure in that country.

JESSAMY HARVEY


health care

Spain has had a comprehensive health service only since 1986, when the PSOE government introduced the General Health Law. Previously, cover was provided under a compulsory health insurance introduced by the Franco regime in 1942, which by 1975 covered nearly 80 percent of the population. By the early 1990s, health care (except dental care and psychiatric treatment) was available free to 99 percent of the population, though anyone not receiving a state pension has to pay 40 percent of the cost of prescriptions. The overall administration of the health service at national level was entrusted to INSALUD (Instituto Nacional de la Salud—National Health Agency), which had been set up in 1978 in an attempt to co-ordinate health provision. In the years after the 1986 legislation, the seven autonomous communities with the largest measures of self-government (containing

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Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction x
  • Acknowledgments xii
  • Structure xiii
  • Architecture xiv
  • A 1
  • Further Reading 7
  • Further Reading 11
  • Further Reading 29
  • Further Reading 37
  • Further Reading 41
  • B 44
  • Further Reading 47
  • Further Reading 65
  • C 70
  • Further Reading 81
  • Further Reading 93
  • Further Reading 100
  • Further Reading 113
  • Further Reading 128
  • D 135
  • Further Reading 136
  • Further Reading 140
  • E 152
  • Further Reading 155
  • Further Reading 166
  • Further Reading 171
  • F 173
  • Further Reading 185
  • Further Reading 206
  • G 213
  • Further Reading 227
  • Further Reading 229
  • Further Reading 231
  • Further Reading 242
  • H 245
  • I 261
  • Further Reading 266
  • J 276
  • Further Reading 280
  • K 283
  • L 285
  • Further Reading 292
  • M 313
  • Further Reading 332
  • Further Reading 335
  • N 359
  • Further Reading 362
  • Further Reading 365
  • O 376
  • P 384
  • Further Reading 429
  • Q 430
  • R 433
  • Further Reading 435
  • Further Reading 436
  • Further Reading 439
  • Further Reading 443
  • References 452
  • S 464
  • Further Reading 471
  • Further Reading 475
  • T 502
  • Further Reading 508
  • Further Reading 509
  • U 526
  • Further Reading 536
  • V 537
  • Further Reading 538
  • Further Reading 539
  • Further Reading 544
  • W 545
  • X 550
  • Y 552
  • Further Reading 553
  • Z 554
  • Index 557
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