Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture

By Eamonn Rodgers; Valerie Rodgers | Go to book overview

K

Karina

Spain

Singer

Karina was the leading female vocalist in Spanish pop music during the second half of the 1960s and the early 1970s. She dominated the charts and records sales, through a solid repertoire of cover versions of well-known European and American songs and compositions by the most prestigious Spanish songwriters. Her greatest hits include ‘Abergavenny’ (La fiesta), ‘Little Arrows’ (Las flechas del amor), ‘El baúl de los recuerdos’ (The Chest of Memories), ‘Romeo y Julieta’ (Romeo and Juliet). She won over Spanish audiences with her sweet, angelic, ingenuous air and became the ideal girlfriend for adolescents of her generation. Kar-ina’s fame waned in the 1980s, although periodically she performs her old hits as a last act of nostalgia.

See also: rock and pop

FERNANDO DELGADO


KIO

The Kuwait Investment Office became the symbol both of the boom in the Spanish economy in the 1980s and of the prevalence of corruption. KIO was the largest foreign investor in Spain, via a holding company called Grupo Torras. It began in 1984 to buy into paper manufacturing, chemicals, food production, real estate and banking, and its empire was said to be worth 700,000m pesetas. By late 1992, however, Torras had debts of 250,000m pesetas, of which 150,000m was owed to KIO itself. KIO’s suspension of payments in December 1992 was reported at the time to be the largest ever in Spain. KIO estimated that its total losses in Spain between 1984 and 1992 amounted to 450,000m pesetas, and accused the former director of Torras, Javier de la Rosa, of maladministra-tion.

EAMONN RODGERS


kiosk literature

Literatura de quiosco is a phrase used since the late nineteenth century to designate a type of popular light reading-matter sold from kiosks in streets, parks and railway stations. In the second half of the twentieth century, the phrase simply meant literature with a mass appeal, independently of where it was sold, though street kiosks continue to be one of the main retail outlets, along with stationery shops, department stores, and newsagents in stations and airports. As with other aspects of contemporary cultural life, however, traditional distinctions have become blurred, and while escapist romantic novels predominate in this sector of the market, it is also a means of disseminating ‘serious’ literature, both classical and contemporary, through the increasing number of pocket and paperback series.

Much of the output of this kind of literature is targeted at young readers. A survey carried out by the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE—

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Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction x
  • Acknowledgments xii
  • Structure xiii
  • Architecture xiv
  • A 1
  • Further Reading 7
  • Further Reading 11
  • Further Reading 29
  • Further Reading 37
  • Further Reading 41
  • B 44
  • Further Reading 47
  • Further Reading 65
  • C 70
  • Further Reading 81
  • Further Reading 93
  • Further Reading 100
  • Further Reading 113
  • Further Reading 128
  • D 135
  • Further Reading 136
  • Further Reading 140
  • E 152
  • Further Reading 155
  • Further Reading 166
  • Further Reading 171
  • F 173
  • Further Reading 185
  • Further Reading 206
  • G 213
  • Further Reading 227
  • Further Reading 229
  • Further Reading 231
  • Further Reading 242
  • H 245
  • I 261
  • Further Reading 266
  • J 276
  • Further Reading 280
  • K 283
  • L 285
  • Further Reading 292
  • M 313
  • Further Reading 332
  • Further Reading 335
  • N 359
  • Further Reading 362
  • Further Reading 365
  • O 376
  • P 384
  • Further Reading 429
  • Q 430
  • R 433
  • Further Reading 435
  • Further Reading 436
  • Further Reading 439
  • Further Reading 443
  • References 452
  • S 464
  • Further Reading 471
  • Further Reading 475
  • T 502
  • Further Reading 508
  • Further Reading 509
  • U 526
  • Further Reading 536
  • V 537
  • Further Reading 538
  • Further Reading 539
  • Further Reading 544
  • W 545
  • X 550
  • Y 552
  • Further Reading 553
  • Z 554
  • Index 557
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