Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture

By Eamonn Rodgers; Valerie Rodgers | Go to book overview

O

official language schools

Official language schools are a network of centres for the teaching of foreign languages. The first school was founded by the Spanish ministry of education in 1930. The major growth of official language schools took place in the 1980s, in response to the increasing interest in modern foreign languages in Spain. Seventeen languages are taught, European and Spanish regional languages being predominant. Entry requirements are that students have at least completed the first level of secondary education. Teachers of the official language schools qualify after passing a national examination. Advanced and elementary level courses are taught, with an option for distance learning. Tuition is also offered to teachers and other specialized groups. The schools have a policy of fostering active use of the target language in real-life contexts.

ISIDRO FADRIQUE


Ojeda González, Francisco

b. 1955, Sanlúcar de Barrameda

Matador

After his alternativa in 1979, Paco Ojeda seemed destined for rapid obscurity until his career revived remarkably in 1982. For more than a decade subsequently, he enjoyed a huge following in Spain and France. Criticized by a minority of aficionados, Ojeda’s profound, static style has been the most influential in changing bullfighting in the past thirty years. He began performing as a rejoneador in 1996.

IAN CAMPBELL ROSS


Olazábal, José María

b. 1966, San Sebastián

Sportsman

Winner of the Masters Golf tournament in Augusta, Georgia, and ranked fifth in world in 1994, Olazábal began his professional career in 1986 after a series of victories in children’s, boys’ and amateur championships from 1979 onwards. His other successes include the Swiss Open (1986), the Belgian Open (1988), the Ryder Cup (1989) and the Ireland Open (1990). Absent from the 1996 season because of illness, he returned in 1997 to win the Turespaña Masters and to play in the European team which won the Ryder Cup in Valderrama.

See also: golf

EAMONN RODGERS


Olea, Pedro

b. 1938, Bilbao

Filmmaker and producer

Olea’s work veers between the commercial and the art cinema, with a long-standing career in television. His film Pim, pam, pum, …fuego (Ready,

-376-

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Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction x
  • Acknowledgments xii
  • Structure xiii
  • Architecture xiv
  • A 1
  • Further Reading 7
  • Further Reading 11
  • Further Reading 29
  • Further Reading 37
  • Further Reading 41
  • B 44
  • Further Reading 47
  • Further Reading 65
  • C 70
  • Further Reading 81
  • Further Reading 93
  • Further Reading 100
  • Further Reading 113
  • Further Reading 128
  • D 135
  • Further Reading 136
  • Further Reading 140
  • E 152
  • Further Reading 155
  • Further Reading 166
  • Further Reading 171
  • F 173
  • Further Reading 185
  • Further Reading 206
  • G 213
  • Further Reading 227
  • Further Reading 229
  • Further Reading 231
  • Further Reading 242
  • H 245
  • I 261
  • Further Reading 266
  • J 276
  • Further Reading 280
  • K 283
  • L 285
  • Further Reading 292
  • M 313
  • Further Reading 332
  • Further Reading 335
  • N 359
  • Further Reading 362
  • Further Reading 365
  • O 376
  • P 384
  • Further Reading 429
  • Q 430
  • R 433
  • Further Reading 435
  • Further Reading 436
  • Further Reading 439
  • Further Reading 443
  • References 452
  • S 464
  • Further Reading 471
  • Further Reading 475
  • T 502
  • Further Reading 508
  • Further Reading 509
  • U 526
  • Further Reading 536
  • V 537
  • Further Reading 538
  • Further Reading 539
  • Further Reading 544
  • W 545
  • X 550
  • Y 552
  • Further Reading 553
  • Z 554
  • Index 557
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