Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture

By Eamonn Rodgers; Valerie Rodgers | Go to book overview

of in a quintessentially Mediterranean city like Barcelona. This peculiarity is seen in his best-known achievements, the large town-houses such as the Casa Terrades (‘Puntxes’, Barcelona, 1903-5), the Casa Macaya (Barcelona, 1898-1900), the Can Serra (1907), and the Casa Baró de Quadras (Barcelona, 1905). The Casa Amatller on the Paseo de Gracia (1898-1900) notoriously forms part of what Barcelona wags called the manzana de la discordia (a punning reference to the ‘apple of discord’, which started the Trojan war; manzana means ‘apple’, but also ‘block of flats’). With its ‘medieval Dutch’ facade it is a landmark in a cluster of buildings by the three greatest modernist architects, which includes Gaudí’s Casa Batlló and Domènech’s Casa Lleó Morera. All these houses share an ornateness which derives from the fusion of the decorative arts with architecture, a notion associated with the Art 1900 movement; Puig often favoured decoration with sgraffito (esgrafiat, a Catalan speciality). A different sort of project is the Fàbrica Casarramona (1909-11), showing the application of a modified Modernism to an industrial building. Apart from Barcelona, he designed buildings in Mataró (Casa Coll i Regas, 1897-1898), Argentona (Casa Garí, ‘El Cros’, 1899-1900, and his own highly original holiday home, 1897-1905) and in the wine-growing region of Sant Sadurní d’Anoia, where he designed the Codorniu wineries (1901-4) famous for their geometric purity. Of his Noucentiste buildings, the most remarkable are: his own home in Barcelona, his studies for the Plaça Catalunya in the city (1915-22), and his design for the Exhibition of Electrical Industries which served as the basis for the International Exhibition of Barcelona in 1929.


Further reading

l
Loyer, F. (1991) L’art nouveau en Catalogne, Paris: Biblio. Arts, Le Septième Fou.

m
Moldoveanu, M. (1996) Barcelona: Architectures of Exuberance, Barcelona: Lunwerg (an overview of different periods and styles, richly illustrated with photographs by the author).

MIHAIL MOLDOVEANU


Pujol i Soley, Jordi

b. 1930, Barcelona

Politican and writer

Since the re-establishment of democracy, Jordi Pujol has been one of the most influential political figures not only in Catalonia but in Spain as a whole. As leader of the majority party in Catalonia, Convergence and Unity (CiU), Pujol became President of the Generalitat in 1980. He has also played a major role in Spanish politics, particularly since 1993, when first Felipe Gonzá-lez’s and then José María Aznar’s minority governments have depended on CiU support for their survival.

Pujol is a graduate in Medicine, and in 1946 became active in youth and nationalist Catholic groups. He was imprisoned for organizing pro-Catalan democratic campaigns, and spent two years in prison in the early 1960s. Following his release, he dedicated himself to projects which prepared the ground for an autonomous Catalonia. These ranged from the creation of a bank to the preparation of an encyclopedia and other publishing initiatives. In the 1960s and 1970s Pujol published several books, including Fer poble, fer Catalunya (Making a People, Making Catalonia) (1965) and Construïr Catalunya (Constructing Catalonia) (1979).

With the advent of democracy in the 1970s, Pujol threw himself wholeheartedly into the political fray. In 1977, he was elected to serve as a member of the parliament in Madrid. He was re-elected in 1979, but resigned in 1980 in order to stand as a candidate at the 1980 elections to the new Catalan parliament. He was elected President of the Generalitat in 1980. He has worked tirelessly to promote Catalan business, language and cultural interests both within the Iberian peninsula and abroad. He is a keen supporter of the European Union, and was elected President of the European Regional Assembly in 1992.


Further reading

f
Faulí, J. (ed.) (1988) El pensament polític de Jordi Pujol (1980-1987), Barcelona: Planeta.

DAVID GEORGE

-429-

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Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction x
  • Acknowledgments xii
  • Structure xiii
  • Architecture xiv
  • A 1
  • Further Reading 7
  • Further Reading 11
  • Further Reading 29
  • Further Reading 37
  • Further Reading 41
  • B 44
  • Further Reading 47
  • Further Reading 65
  • C 70
  • Further Reading 81
  • Further Reading 93
  • Further Reading 100
  • Further Reading 113
  • Further Reading 128
  • D 135
  • Further Reading 136
  • Further Reading 140
  • E 152
  • Further Reading 155
  • Further Reading 166
  • Further Reading 171
  • F 173
  • Further Reading 185
  • Further Reading 206
  • G 213
  • Further Reading 227
  • Further Reading 229
  • Further Reading 231
  • Further Reading 242
  • H 245
  • I 261
  • Further Reading 266
  • J 276
  • Further Reading 280
  • K 283
  • L 285
  • Further Reading 292
  • M 313
  • Further Reading 332
  • Further Reading 335
  • N 359
  • Further Reading 362
  • Further Reading 365
  • O 376
  • P 384
  • Further Reading 429
  • Q 430
  • R 433
  • Further Reading 435
  • Further Reading 436
  • Further Reading 439
  • Further Reading 443
  • References 452
  • S 464
  • Further Reading 471
  • Further Reading 475
  • T 502
  • Further Reading 508
  • Further Reading 509
  • U 526
  • Further Reading 536
  • V 537
  • Further Reading 538
  • Further Reading 539
  • Further Reading 544
  • W 545
  • X 550
  • Y 552
  • Further Reading 553
  • Z 554
  • Index 557
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