Beverly Goldberg of The Century Foundation encouraged me to undertake this research. I am deeply indebted to her and to the Foundation for generous support and enduring patience. I also thank Dave Smith and Kathleen Quinn of the Foundation for helping me focus the arguments of the book.
Tim Bates provided a great deal of encouragement and many insightful comments on this book. But, more importantly, he planted the seeds of so many ideas that are explored in detail here. Thanks Tim and thanks also to Andrew F. Brimmer and Margaret C. Simms for helpful comments on chapters of the book that were presented at professional meetings. Without the cooperation and assistance of Sue Ross and Michael Sullivan, former Directors of the Office of Contract Compliance at the City of Atlanta, and Michael Cooper, Director of the Office of Contract Compliance at Fulton County, Georgia, this research would not have been possible. I also thank former Mayors Maynard Jackson and Andrew Young, and current Mayor Bill Campbell for letting me assist in the planning, development and implementation of Atlanta’s Equal Business Opportunity Program. I thank the directors of the following organizations for endorsing this research and cooperating with me in its conduct: the Atlanta Business League, Georgia Minority Supplier Development Council, Office of Contract Compliance at the Atlanta Public School System, Office of Contract Compliance of the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit System, Office of Contract Compliance of Dekalb County, and Grady Health Systems Office of Disadvantaged Business Enterprises. Finally, I thank Wanda Gail Greene, Krista Tillery and Tarek Saoud for their research assistance.