Authority in Language: Investigating Standard English

By James Milroy; Lesley Milroy | Go to book overview

CONTENTS
Prefacevii
Preface to the third editionx
Key to symbols and abbreviations used in the textxi
1Prescription and standardisation1
1.1 Language prescription and its consequences1
1.2 Linguistics and prescription3
1.3 Attitudes to language10
1.4 Language standardisation18
2Standard English and the complaint tradition24
2.1 The history of Standard English24
2.2 The function of language complaints in maintaining the standard30
2.3 Correctness and semantic shift33
2.4 George Orwell and the moralistic tradition36
2.5 Standardisation and the teaching of literacy39
2.6 Conclusions44
3Spoken and written norms47
3.1 Introduction47
3.2 Language change and language maintenance48
3.3 Spoken English and the effects of literacy51
3.4 The spoken and written channels54
3.5 Conclusions58
4Grammar and speech60
4.1 Introduction60
4.2 Prescription and spoken language62
4.3 Prescription and contextual variability in speech63
4.4 The grammar of non-standard English69
4.5 Conclusions75

-v-

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