Authority in Language: Investigating Standard English

By James Milroy; Lesley Milroy | Go to book overview

KEY TO SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THE TEXT

Phonetic symbols are enclosed in square brackets, e.g. [a]; they indicate pronunciation of given sounds.

Phonemic symbols are enclosed in slant brackets, e.g. /a/; they are used to indicate contrasts in sound—thus, /a/ in bat and other words contrasts with /ε/ in bet and other words.

Where phonetic and phonemic symbols are not self-explanatory, their values are exemplified in keywords.

Linguistic variables, as defined by sociolinguistic investigators, are enclosed in round brackets, e.g. (a).

Citations of spelling forms are italicised; thus, h refers to a letter and not necessarily to any corresponding sound.

Abbreviations used are explained in the text. The main ones are:

RP

Received Pronunciation

SE

Standard English

NSE

Non-standard English

BEV

Black English Vernacular

AA(V)E

African American (Vernacular) English

-xi-

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