Authority in Language: Investigating Standard English

By James Milroy; Lesley Milroy | Go to book overview

INDEX

a
African American (Vernacular) English, 9 , 93-5 , 96-7 , 107-10 , 126-7 , 143 , 150 , 152-4 , 159-60 ;
see also Ebonics
American structuralists, see descriptive linguistics;
structural linguistics
Amis, Kingsley, 34-5
arbitrariness in language, 1 , 10-11 , 14 , 82
assessment, see language testing
attitudes, 1-46 ;
authoritarian, 2 , 28 , 33 , 41-2 ;
in early English, 25-7 ;
of educationists, 41-4 ;
in eighteenth century, 27-9 ;
of journalists, 44 ;
to language, 10-18 ;
to low status dialects, 2 , 20 , 31-3 , 84-5 , 87-8 ;
of literary scholars, 34-9 ;
prescriptive, 2-3 ;
privately held, 15-16 ;
public, 10-16 ;
reversal of, 17 ;
see also complaints

b
Belfast, 16 , 20-1 , 48 , 110-15 , 138
Black English Trial, 96-7 , 143
Black English Vernacular, see African
American (Vernacular) English Bradford, 80
British Black English, see creoles;
West Indian English

c
casual speech, 107 ;
see also spontaneous speech;
style-shifting
Caxton, William, 23 , 26-7
classroom discourse, 123-4
cocoliche,104-5
communicative competence, 100-5 , 107-10 , 115 , 129-30 ;
and language ability, 100 , 105-6 , 115 , 125 , 128-30 , 169-75
community norm, 91-6
competence, 11 , 100 ;
see also communicative competence
complaints, 4 , 25-8 , 30-9 ;
function of, 30-6 , 43-4 ;
Type 1 , 30-6 ;
Type 2 , 31 , 34-9
concord, 73
connectors, 70-1
correctness, 1 , 5-7 , 14-16 , 27-9 , 30-5 , 40-6 , 56-9 , 99 , 139-40 , 142
Cox Report, 44 , 132-4 , 136
creoles, 88 , 94-6 ;
post-creole continuum, 88 ;
West Indian, 94-6 , 103-4 ;
see also New Guinea Pidgin, West Indian English
cross-dialectal miscommunication, 20-1
cross-cultural communication, 128-9
cultural-linguistic bias, 136 , 142-7 , 151-60

d
decline (in language), 8 , 27-8 , 31-2 , 36-7 , 39-44
descriptive linguistics, 3-7 ;
as a science, 5-6 ;
see also structural linguistics
difference—deficit controversy, 108 , 126
discourse patterns, 113-15 ;
and participant roles, 110-15 , 124-5 , 127-8
discrimination, 2-3 , 151-60

e
Ebonics, 9 , 96-7 , 150 ;
see also African American (Vernacular) English
Edinburgh Articulation Test, 137-8 , 139
eighteenth-century attitudes, 14 , 19 , 27-30 , 41 ;
in USA, 158
ellipsis, 3 , 61 , 140-1
English Only movement, 150 , 154 , 157-9
Estuary English, 154-6 , 157

-171-

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