Like any academic enterprise, this project has benefited from the assistance and support of many people and institutions. First of all, I am grateful to the British Academy, the University of London, the Central Research Fund, the Centre for Contemporary Spanish Studies and the British-Spanish Joint Research Programme (Acciones Integradas) for their financial aid. Also of great help was the assistance received in different archives and libraries. In particular, I must mention the staff at the Fundación Pablo Iglesias and Fundación Maura in Madrid, the Centre d’Estudis d’Historia Contemporánia (Biblioteca Figueras) and the Arxiu Nacional de Catalunya in Barcelona.
I am indebted to my Ph.D. supervisor at the University of London, Paul Preston, for his patience, encouragement and stimulation in prodding this work along. The comments of and discussions with my friends and colleagues at the Centre for Contemporary Spanish Studies were extremely helpful. In particular, I would like to thank Helen Graham, Sebastian Balfour, Paul Heywood, Enrique Moradiellos, Chris Ealham, Lola Elizalde, Pablo La Porte and Inés Roldán. I would also like to mention Lawrence Butler, Maria Sophia Quine and Jonathan Smele from Queen Mary and Westfield College and Frank Snowden, formerly at Royal Holloway and Bedford New College. Their support and advice were of inestimable value.
Alison Pinington and Elizabeth Speakman helped me enormously with their proof-reading and accurate remarks. Their patience and hard work were admirable. Finally, I would like to thank all those friends who had to put up with my difficult moods when I was absorbed and distracted by this project: Anthony, Melanie, Joanna, Frederick and all the kids in 47 Landor Road, and Javi, Carlos, Lucy, Helena and all the friends in Madrid who with their warmth and friendship made easier my stay in Spain.
Without the support, help and encouragement of all these friends and colleagues, my book would probably have never been completed. Of course, any errors in the text are entirely mine.
Crown copyright material in the Public Record Office (FO 185/1345, no. 463) is reproduced here as Table 4.2, with the kind permission of the Controller of Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.