Creating the Future's Schools

By Hedley Beare | Go to book overview

6

From bureaucracy to enterprise networks

We found in a previous chapter that a post-industrial state is also a post-bureaucratic one. When there is a paradigm change of this magnitude, something fundamental happens to the way society conceives of government and the actions it is appropriate for government to be involved in. A new conception of how agencies like schools, education departments, and enterprises (particularly large ones) are organized and operate comes into play; and a new configuration of resource management (not least, money management) is invented. Even the industrial society’s school curriculum was bureaucratic and control-oriented, conceived of as mechanical, logical, ordered and controlled from on high. So how is post-industrial, post-bureaucratic, post-modern schooling governed, controlled, and managed?

A new management model for the delivery of education emerged across the world in the last decade of the twentieth century, based almost universally on how private enterprise works. Its common characteristic is that each unit in the system has managerial autonomy not possible inside a bureaucracy. To understand how the management and control of schools are being remade, then, we need to study the private business model which has been copied (Deal and Kennedy, 1982; Toffler, 1985; Handy, 1985; Caldwell and Spinks, 1988, 1992; Beare, 1990, 1995). The same model is being introduced across the whole range of public administration, and not just in education.

The new logic for government services

Part of the change to the way education and schools are organized and administered results from the new logic for government, a one-best-way based on economics. It has three simple premises:

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Creating the Future's Schools
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Figures ix
  • Acknowledgements xi
  • 1 - The Myth of the Unchanging School 1
  • Part I - The Big Picture 9
  • 2 - From an Old World-View to a New 11
  • 3 - From a Society of Factories to a Society of Knowledge Workers 23
  • 4 - New Ways of Knowing 36
  • 5 - The Networked Universe 54
  • 6 - From Bureaucracy to Enterprise Networks 65
  • Part II - Looking at the Practicalities 83
  • 7 - Schools Which Break the Mould 85
  • 8 - Choosing What Future to Have 99
  • 9 - Building a Manifesto for the School as a Provider 113
  • 10 - On Reporting Outcomes 128
  • 11 - Reworking the Curriculum Within a New Mindset 144
  • 12 - Teachers for the School of the Future 166
  • 13 - A New Kind of School 186
  • Bibliography 194
  • Index 203
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