Tourists in Historic Towns: Urban Conservation and Heritage Management

By Aylin Orbaşlı | Go to book overview

6

Heritage management inhistoric towns

Introduction

Tourism is often a source of much-needed foreign income; tourism is a consumer of environments and human communities; tourism damages social structures. Clichés, maybe, but proved in many cases to be true. The ultimate truism is yet another cliché, namely that ‘tourism is here to stay’ and human mobility is increasing. One of the first trends observed in countries gaining greater economic and political freedom is the desire of the people to travel. ‘To some, tourism represents an opportunity—a means of capitalising on the legacy of history—to others, perhaps it may be something of a threat unless it can be managed safely’ (Stuart 1989:1). For the urban environment tourism will continue to present the potential of a clean industry and a valuable source of income and employment. The development objective, therefore, must be to harness the source, while safeguarding the future of the natural resource, the historic town and its community. The leisure and cultural tourism industries are attracted to historic towns as a destination; and historic town authorities look to tourism as a new, clean and profitable industry. In comparison to ‘smokestack’ industry, tourism is deemed to be ‘clean’ with a potential to enhance quality of life, and reduce pollution and environmental destruction. With careful planning and management, tourism can play an important role in an environmentally sound future for historic towns.

The historic town asset is a set of values based on building stock, historic or other associations and life. Minimising impacts on the ‘asset’ base and maximising gains from tourism depend to a large extent on the organisation of tourism and tourist attractions in historic towns, and on the management of the interface between visitors and the environment. Urban management is connected to strategic planning which is connected to a good understanding of urban morphology, spatial and social relations and which can often be based on sensitive and opportunist urban design solutions. There is a role for tourism not only in the preservation of urban heritage but also in the continuation of urban culture and in promoting cross-cultural understanding. The value of tourism for urban conservation is both financial and as an impetus for awakening interest and attracting support. Tourism,

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Tourists in Historic Towns: Urban Conservation and Heritage Management
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgements ix
  • Introduction 1
  • 1 - The Historic Town 8
  • 2 - The Tourist-Historic Town 38
  • 3 - The Tourist Town 75
  • 4 - Decision Making for the Historic Environment 99
  • 5 - Planning for Tourism in Historic Towns 128
  • 6 - Heritage Management in Historic Towns 159
  • In Conclusion 188
  • Bibliography 191
  • Index 204
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