Aspects of Modern Language Teaching in Europe

By Wolf Gewehr; Georgia Catsimali et al. | Go to book overview

Note

1
Language learning implies the existence of a source language (the learners’ first language) and a target language (the language they are learning). Language base refers to the language they are working on in a specific activity. Directionality makes reference to whether they are working from source language into target language or vice versa.

References


b
Bejoint, H. (1981) ‘The Foreign Student’s Use of the Monolingual English Dictionaries: A Study of Language Needs and Reference Skills’, in Applied Linguistics II 5: 207-222.
Bejoint, H. (1988) ‘Psycholinguistic Evidence and the Use of Dictionaries by L2 learners’, in M. Snell-Hornby (ed.) Zürilex ’86 Proceedings. Tübingen: A. Francke.
Bejoint, H. (1989) ‘The Teaching of Dictionary Use’, in F.J. Hausmann et al. (eds) Wörterbücher/Dictionaries/Dictionnaires, Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.
Bejoint, H. and Moulin, A. (1987) ‘The Place of the Dictionary in an EFL Programme’, in A. Cowie (ed.) The Dictionary and the Language Learner. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

c
Cowie, A. (ed.) (1987) The Dictionary and the Language Learner. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

h
Hartmann, R.R.K. (1989) ‘The Dictionary as an Aid to Foreign Language Teaching’, in F. J. Hausmann et al. (eds) Wörterbücher/Dictionaries/Dictionnaires, Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.
Herbst, T. (1990) ‘Dictionaries for Foreign Language Teaching: English’, in F.J. Hausmann et al. (eds) Wörterbücher/Dictionaries/Dictionnaires, Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.
Herbst, T. and Stein, G. (1987) ‘Dictionary-using Skills: A Plea for a New Orientation in Language Learning’, in A. Cowie (ed.) The Dictionary and the Language Learner. Tübingen: Niemeyer.
Householder, F. and Saporta, S. (eds) (1975) Problems in Lexicography. Bloomington: Indiana UP.

k
Kipfer, B. (1987) ‘Dictionaries and the Intermediate Student: Communicative Needs and the Development of User Reference Skills’, in A. Cowie (ed.) The Dictionary and the Language Learner. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

m
Malkiel, Y. (1975) ‘A Typological Classification of Dictionaries on the Basis of Distinctive Features’, in F. Householder and S. Saporta (eds) Problems in Lexicography. Bloomington: Indiana UP.

r
Rundell, M. (1988) ‘Changing the Rules: Why the Monolingual Learner’s Dictionary should Move away from the Native-Speaker Tradition’, in M. Snell-Hornby (ed.) Zürilex ’86 Proceedings. Tübingen: Francke.

s
Snell-Hornby, M. (ed.) (1988) Zürilex ’86 Proceedings. Tübingen: Francke.

z
Zöfgen, E. (1991) ‘Bilingual Learner’s Dictionaries’, in F.J. Hausmann et al. (eds) Wörterbücher/ Dictionaries/Dictionnaires, Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.

Further reading


c
Cowie, A. (1984) ‘EFL Dictionaries: Past Achievements and Present Needs’, in R.R.K. Hartmann (ed.) Lexeter ’83 Proceedings. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

h
Hartmann, R.R.K. (ed.) (1984) Lexeter ’83 Proceedings, Tübingen: Niemeyer.
Hatherall, G. (1984) ‘Studying Dictionary Use: Some Findings and Proposals’, in R.R.K. Hartmann (ed.) Lexeter ’83 Proceedings. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

-174-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Aspects of Modern Language Teaching in Europe
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 238

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.