The Environment, Employment, and Sustainable Development

By Monica Hale; Mike Lachowicz | Go to book overview

7

THE ENVIRONMENT AND INDUSTRY
Legislation and voluntary standards schemes Rita Raum DegrèveThe different approaches to introducing environmental standards that have evolved include:
1 Voluntary measures, e.g. responsible care schemes;
2 Legislative measures, e.g. emissions controls;
3 Economic and fiscal measures, e.g. carbon tax.

Some of the difficulties associated with these include, for example, the problems local authorities experience in knowing which approach to take, the political connotations of any form of taxation and the political/economic effects of legislation (i.e. on exporting/importing and trade), and the need to overcome the resistance of business and industry to legislation. There has been a noticeable shift towards the voluntary approach (e.g. such as eco-labelling and EMAS).

However, the voluntary approach is often more innovative and effective as its origins within industry foster greater co-operation between businesses. Agreements for standards originating from industry itself tend to provide longer-term measures to reduce environmental effects as they need to be shaped into and around business strategies. Self-regulation by industry is highly effective as it is a natural result of peer scrutiny, public scrutiny and consumer pressure.

The very existence of industrial standards can itself stimulate further action by individual businesses. Standards may be heavily dependent on extensive consumer awareness and could potentially stifle competition to become even more environmentally sound (i.e. beyond the levels set by standards). Larger (multinational) companies are now leading the field in producing cleaner, more environmentally sound technologies. However, different approaches will be appropriate according to the specific nature of the structure and dynamics of different industrial sectors.

-47-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Environment, Employment, and Sustainable Development
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 204

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.