Technology and Innovation in Japan: Policy and Management for the Twenty-First Century

By Martin Hemmert; Christian Oberländer | Go to book overview

10

R&D IN JAPAN’S PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY

The biological revolution, gene therapy and public policy

Christian Oberländer

Introduction

Opening of the Japanese pharmaceutical market and cost-containment in the national health care system are confronting Japan’s pharmaceutical industry with an existential challenge. For the preservation of this industry, the creation of independent research capabilities in future key technologies for the development of internationally marketable products appears indispensable. The required R&D efforts coincide with the ‘biological revolution,’ posing additional challenges for the industry, but also opening up new opportunities.

In this paper, the general development of R&D in Japan’s pharmaceutical industry and the role of government, especially of the Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare (MHW) in supporting these R&D efforts are discussed. Then, focusing on the example of gene therapy, the instruments of Japan’s research promotion for pharmaceutical industry will be examined in the light of the implications of the ‘biological revolution’ for the innovation strategy of this industry.


Japan’s pharmaceutical R&D and MHWs research promotion policy

Challenges to the pharmaceutical industry and increasing importance of R&D

The changes in strategy of Japan’s pharmaceutical companies and their R&D efforts are caused by several factors challenging the status quo of the Japanese

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