Technology and Innovation in Japan: Policy and Management for the Twenty-First Century

By Martin Hemmert; Christian Oberländer | Go to book overview

NOTES
1
‘Table-top factories’ refer to factories small enough to fit on top of a table.
2
Scanning Electron Microscopes.
3
‘Waldos’ are robotic arms, linked physically or electronically to gloves, such that the movements of the person wearing the gloves are reproduced either on a much larger scale or much smaller scale by the robotic arms. Term taken from a story by Robert Heinlein.
4
A technology forecasting survey using the Delphi technique.
5
MESC is advised by the Science Council, the University Council, and the Geodesy Council. MITI receives advice on policy and programs from the Industrial Technology Council. The Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications (MPT) has the Telecommunications Council, etc.
6
The author recently gave a well-received talk to a group at the Japanese Bioindustry Association explaining the concepts behind US ‘wet’ nanotechnology research and their implications. This may lead to a benkyō-kai inside MITI in the future.
7
See reports from the Micromachine Center (http://www.iijnet.or.jp/MMC/).
8
These topics were used in a mini-survey investigating technology forecasting in Germany as well—the prefixes indicate whether the year indicated is the average year forecast by German or Japanese researchers.

REFERENCES
AIST (Agency of Industrial Science and Technology) (1995) Pamphlet on Industrial Science and Technology Frontier Program (ISTF). Tokyo: Japan Industrial Technology Association.
ATR (Advanced Telecommunications Research Institute International, Human Information Processing Research Laboratories) (1994) Research Reports.
Byte (Peterborough), June 1996, http://www.byte.com/art/9606/sec8/art3.htm.
Electronic Engineering Times, 20 May 1996, Issue 902, http://techweb.cmp.com/techweb/eet/news/news96.html.
JRDC (Research and Development Corporation of Japan) (1995) Pamphlet on ERATO , Kawaguchi-shi, Japan.
Lutwyche, Mark I. and Yasuo Wada (1995) Sensors and Actuators, A 48, pp. 127-36.
Mizoguchi, Jun’ichi, Hitoshi Hemmi, and Katsunori Shimohara (1994) Production Genetic Algorithms for Automated Hardware Design Through an Evolutionary Process, ATR internal report.
NISTEP (National Institute for Science and Technology Policy) (1992) The Fifth Technology Forecast Survey—Future Technology in Japan. Tokyo: NISTEP (=NISTEP Report no. 25).
——(1994) Outlook for Japanese and German Future Technology—Comparing Japanese and German Technology Forecast Surveys. Tokyo: NISTEP (=NISTEP Report no. 33).
Rehn, Victor (1995) A Brief on the R&D Association for Future Electron Devices. Office of Naval Research, Asian Office, Tokyo.
RIKEN (1996) Explanatory documents at http://www.riken.go.jp.

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