5
Other Psychological Factors in Economic Development

It is time to broaden the scope of our inquiry. In the last two chapters we have concentrated on the role of n Achievement in economic development to the exclusion of other factors. But what of all the other explanations of economic development reviewed briefly in Chapter 1? Are they wrong? Can they be "derived" from changes in achievement motivation? Or are other factors of genuine importance in promoting economic development quite independently of n Achievement? Certainly it is unlikely that any complex social event like economic growth would be the result of a single "prime mover," and if our demonstration of the importance of n Achievement has tended to create this impression, it is time it was corrected. The fact that n Achievement may be important tells us nothing as to how important other factors may be.

Fortunately, the material assembled to test the n Achievement hypothesis can also be used to discover the importance of other variables according to the methods of analysis developed in Chapter 3. That is, nations have already been classified as growing relatively rapidly or slowly between 1925-50 and between 1952-58, and the children's stories from these two sets of countries can be searched for clues as to what other motives, values, or aspects of social structure differentiate those which have grown more rapidly from those which have grown more slowly. Furthermore, it will be possible by appropriate statistical techniques to see whether such other variables operate independently of n Achievement or only in association with it. Since the problem of exposition of findings on a host of other variables is formidable, the simplest method of procedure seems to be to organize the presentation around the two other major techniques used for coding the children's stories: i.e., (1) further motivational analysis, using the scoring systems previously developed for n Affiliation and n Power, and (2) value analysis according to a scheme specifically designed to study as many as possible of the variables thought to be of importance by historians, economists, and sociologists who have concerned themselves with the problem of explaining economic development. A somewhat more integrated view of how all the variables found to be of importance empirically in-

-159-

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The Achieving Society
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Contents xiii
  • 1 - Explaining Economic Growth 1
  • 2 - The Achievement Motive: How it is Measured and Its Possible Economic Effects 36
  • 3 - Achieving Societies in the Modern World 63
  • 4 - Achieving Societies in the Past 107
  • 5 - Other Psychological Factors in Economic Development 159
  • 6 - Entrepreneurial Behavior 205
  • 7 - Characteristics of Entrepreneurs 259
  • 8 - The Spirit of Hermes 301
  • 9 - Sources of N Achievement 336
  • 10 - Accelerating Economic Growth 391
  • References 439
  • Appendices 451
  • Appendix I 453
  • Appendix II 461
  • Appendix III 464
  • Appendix IV 475
  • Appendix V 488
  • Appendix VI 492
  • Appendix VII 494
  • List of Tables 499
  • Index 503
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