theeves’, and verily ‘sleep’, ‘life’, ‘trust’, are common English wordes, yet it is not a common fashion of speech to say, ‘trust a sleeping life amongst theeves’; in the same sence, ‘when they had slept awhile’ is ordynary: but ‘when they had a while hearkened to the perswasion of sleepe’ is extraordynarie; though all the wordes of it by themselves, are most knowne & familliar, yet the bringing in and fetch of it is strange and admyrable to the ignorant, we therefore call it Periphrasis, or circumlocution, & it is much helped by metaphores as before, ‘inclyned to sleepe’ is expressed by a metaphore taken from an Orator, whoe moves & inclynes by perswasion, & to be so moved it is ‘to hearken’. In this sort Sir P.S. being to speake his usuall meanings yet notwithstanding shunned usuall phrases as, for ‘it is absurd, in my conceit’ saith hee: ‘it hath a great incongruitie’. But let us have one boute more with (our adversary) sleepe. For ‘having risen early’, he saith ‘having stryven with the sunnes earlynes’, instead of, ‘Mopsa wept illfavourdly’, ‘Mopsa disgraced weeping with her countenaunce’; instead of saying, ‘they that guarded Amphialus, were killed themselves’, it is said, ‘seeking to save him, they lost their fortresses which nature placed them in’, instead of ‘Plangus speech began to bee suspected’ it is said ‘Plangus speech began to be translated into the language of suspicion’, & this of purpose did he write to keepe his style from basenes as, being to name ‘a thresher’ he called him ‘one of Ceres servants’, instead of ‘his name was knowne to high and lowe’, he saith that ‘noe Prince could pretend height nor beggar lownesse to barr him from the sounds thereof’. For ‘old and yonge malecontents’, hee saith ‘such whome youthfull age or youthfull myndes had filled with unlymitted desires’, & this is by going a Concreto ad abstraction, and divers other wayes.
Twyne (?1579-1644), who spent most of his life in Oxford following matriculation in 1594, was ‘the earliest and most indefatigable of Oxford antiquaries’ (DNB). The sizeable