Modelling Early Christianity: Social-Scientific Studies of the New Testament in Its Context

By Philip F. Esler | Go to book overview

NOTES
1
See Lenski 1984; Lenski and Lenski 1987:164-208; Turner 1984.
2
For example, Blenkinsopp 1981:1-4; Overman 1990:8-9; Stanton 1992b: 85-107-Kampen 1994.
3
So Banks 1980; White 1987; Crosby 1988; Elliott 1990b; Malina 1993a: 117-148.
4
So Little 1957:594; also see Kerri 1976; Eisenstadt 1956; Geertz 1962; Kerr 1978; Caulkins 1995.
5
As in Dill 1905:255; Forbes 1993:2-3; Heichelheim 1938:208; Rostovtzeff 1957:2.1048-1051, 1057-1066; MacMullen 1974:17-20, 71 85; Judge 1960b; Wilken 1971:280; Meeks 1983a: 31, 77, 205 n. 139; Kraabel 1987:52-53.
6
See Waltzing 1895; Ziebarth 1896; Kornemann 1900; Broughton 1938:841 46-Rostovtzeff 1957:2.1057 1066; Danker 1992:501.
7
Johnson et ai 1961:82; see esp. Suetonius Julius Caesar 42.3; Augustus 32.1.
8
Applebaum 1974:464-466; Cohen 1987:119-120; Jeremias 1969:18 21.
9
Leon 1960; Applebaum 1974; Kraabel 198la; 1987; Cohen 1987.
10
See Meyers and Strange 1981:140-141; Kee 1990; Gohen 1987:114.
11
Theissen 1978; Horsley and Hanson 1985.
12
Josephus J.W. 2.8.3; 1QS 6:1; CD 9:2; Gnilka 1963.
13
Neusner 1960; Urbach 1987:584 585; Douglas 1992; Wilkins 1992:783.
14
Jeremias 1963:109, n. 82; Davies and Allison 1988:512-513; see Pitt-Rivers 1968.
15
Gnilka 1963:51; Trilling 1964:212; Overman 1990:95; Davies and Allison 1988:512-513.
16
Significant discussions include Schurer et al. 1979:325 327; Derrett 1981:378 384; Viviano 1990:10; Saldarini 1992a: 670 671.
17
See Ziebarth 1896; Setzer 1992:841; Leon 1960:186 88; Meeks 1983:31.
18
For the evidence, see Nock 1924:105; Leon 1960:188 189; Frey 1936:1.494, 509, 511; Townsend 1961; Hengel 1966; Hachlili 1992:260; Viviano 1990:20 n. 32.
19
See b. Mak 24a; m. ‘Abot 6.3; Garland 1979:58 n. 92; cf. Matt 7:21: ‘Lord, Lord’.
20
This issue is discussed by Bornkamm 1970:37 40; Brooks 1987:99 107; Davies and Allison 1991:750-753.
21
Kugel 1987; Schiffman 1983:89-109; Davies and Allison 1991:786 787.
22
1QS 6:1; Vernies 1987:69; see also CD 9:2-9; Gnilka 1963:51, 57; Davies 1964:221 224; Douglas 1992:12.
23
Harrington 1991:269 cites 1 Cor. 5:1 5; 2 Thess. 3:6 15; 2 John 10.
24
Moed Qat 16a; Dalman 1930:174-178; Billerbeck 1926:738 739; Duling 1987:9.
25
Smith 1951:27-50; Daube 1973:55-60; Suggs 1970:111 115; Duling 1990:99 100.
26
Luz 1989:282 n. 17; Davies and Allison 1988:511; see 18:15-20; cf. Mantel 1976:784.
27
Vermes 1987:68; cf. CD 9:6 8; Kugel 1987:52-54.
28
Vss. 1, 2b=Q6:37a, 38c 42; cf. Jas 4:12; vs. 2b also=Mark 4:24b; see 1 Clem. 13:2; Pol Phil 2:3b.
29
See Davies and Allison 1988:670 for many Jewish parallels; Luke 6:38.
30
Luz 1989:70: Mark once; Luke 3 times; Matthew 14 times, c. 9 redactional.
31
So John 20:17; Heb. 2:12; Justin Dial 106; Barn. 6:16; Lindars 1961:93; Schweizer 1975:523.
32
Indeed, Matthew’s six deletions of Mark’s ‘scribe(s)’ (21:23 [Mark 11:27]; 26:47 [Mark 14:43]; 27:1 [Mark 15:1]; 15:1 [Mark 7:5; cf. 7:1=Matt. 15:1]; 17:14 [Mark 9:14]; 22:40 [Mark 12:32]) and his five replacements of scribes with Pharisees (9:11 [Mark 2:16 ‘scribes of the Pharisees’]; 9:34 and 12:24 [Mark 3:22]; Matt. 22:41 [Mark 12:35]; 22:34 [Mark 12:28]) are clarifications related to Matthew’s antiPharisaic polemic (Matt. 9:11, 34; 12:24, 38; 15:12; 21:45; 16:11; 22:15, 34 35; 27:62). For example, Matthew omits Mark’s praise of the scribe ‘not far from the Kingdom

-181-

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