Water Management in Islam

By Naser I. Faruqui; Asit K. Biswas et al. | Go to book overview

11
Intersectoral water markets in the
Middle East and North Africa
Naser I. Faruqui

As the introduction to this volume discusses, water is rapidly becoming the key development issue in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The natural aridity of much of the region coupled with high population growth and urbanization is creating severe inequities. Because the urban growth rate of less-developed Muslim countries (LDMCs) in the MENA is higher than the overall average for all less-developed countries (LDCs) – 3.2 per cent versus 2.9 per cent for 1995–2015 – informal settlements in cities all over the region are burgeoning. The urban or peri-urban communities are rarely served by public utilities, either because they were unplanned or because of legal or political restrictions imposed on the utilities.

Many of the community residents rely on informal supplies of water sold by private vendors. For LDCs, on average, these families pay ten to twenty times more per unit than residents receiving piped water serviceup to one hundred times in some municipalities (Bhattia and Falkenmark 1993). A literature search for prices paid by the unserved urban poor in Muslim countries revealed almost no data available on the topic. However, during the exceptionally warm summer of 1998, in Jordan, the city of Amman suffered a severe water shortage, exacerbated by an odour problem. The public was forced to buy water from vendors, and the black-market price of water delivered by truck tankers reached US$14 per cubic metre (Bino and Al-Beiruti 1998). Even under normal weather conditions, some of the poor pay a very high price in Jordan. An informal

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Water Management in Islam
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • Preface ix
  • Acknowledgements xii
  • Introduction xiii
  • Notes xviii
  • References xviii
  • Islamic Sources xx
  • Notes xxi
  • References xxii
  • Abbreviations xxiii
  • Water Management in Islam *
  • 1 - Islam and Water Management: Overview and Principles 1
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 2 - Islamic Water Management and the Dublin Statement 33
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 3 - Islam and the Environment 39
  • Notes *
  • References 48
  • 4 - Water Conservation Through Public Awareness Based on Islamic Teachings in the Eastern Mediterranean Region 49
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 5 - Water Conservation Through Community Institutions in Pakistan: Mosques and Religious Schools 61
  • Notes *
  • 6 - Water Demand Management in Saudi Arabia 68
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 7 - Sociocultural Acceptability of Wastewater Reuse in Palestine 79
  • Further Reading *
  • 8 - Water Rights and Water Trade: an Islamic Perspective 85
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 9 - Ownership and Transfer of Water and Land in Islam 94
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 10 - Water Markets and Pricing in Iran 103
  • References *
  • 11 - Intersectoral Water Markets in the Middle East and North Africa 115
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 12 - Management of Shared Waters: a Comparison of International and Islamic Law 128
  • Note *
  • References *
  • Glossary of Arabic and Islamic Terms 136
  • Volume Editors 141
  • Workshop Participants 142
  • Index 145
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