Regionalism, Multilateralism, and Economic Integration: The Recent Experience

By Gary P. Sampson; Stephen Woolcock | Go to book overview

Notes
1
The “double movement” thesis was originally developed by Karl Polanyi (1945); he argues that, because economic liberalization aggravates economic inequalities and destroys many social and cultural patterns of life, it will lead to a social backlash.
2
The WTO website provides comprehensive information and analysis on regionalism world-wide. In 1996 the WTO General Council created the Committee on Regional Trade Agreements, which examines RTAs to assess whether they are consistent with WTO rules and how they affect the multilateral trade system; see http://www.wto.org/ regionalism/.
3
For a comprehensive analysis of different economic integration schemes, see El-Agraa (1997).
4
There is a voluminous literature on the relation between RTAs and multilateralism which cannot be cited here. A good flavour of the debate is given in Bhagwati and Pangariya (1996); see also Winters (1999).
5
The old regionalism is built upon the seminal work of customs union theory by Jacob Viner (1950).
6
For the essentials of new regionalism theory, see Lawrence (1995) and Ethier (2001).
7
For an analysis of the relation between trade and investment in the globalizing economy, see Gavin (2001a).
8
See Trading Health Care Away? (2001).
9
This model is derived from Rodrik (2000). The principles of the international economic order that underpin the model of governance are discussed by Valaskakis (2001).
10
The links between trade and financial liberalization are analysed in Gavin (2001b).
11
For a discussion of the original concept of multi-level governance, see Wessels (1997). For a more recent analysis, see Hooghe and Marks (2001). The European Commission published its White Paper on Governance in July 2001 as a basis for consultation with the major stakeholders.
12
The fusion of internal and external governance is discussed by Telo (2002).

REFERENCES

Bhagwati, J. N., and A. Pangariya (1996), “Preferential Trading Areas and Multilateralism: Strangers, Friends or Foes?” in J. N. Bhagwati and A. Pangariya (eds.), Free Trade Areas or Free Trade? The Economics of Preferential Trade Agreements, Washington DC: American Enterprise Institute.

Breslin, S., and R. Higgott (2001). “Studying Regions: Learning from the Old, Constructing the New”, New Political Economy 5(3), pp. 333–52.

El-Agraa, A. M. (1997), Economic Integration Worldwide. London: Macmillan.

Esty, D. C. (2002), “The World Trade Organization's Legitimacy Crisis”, World Trade Review 1(1), pp. 7–22.

Ethier, W. J. (2001), “Regional Regionalism”, in S. Lahiri (ed.), Regionalism and Globalization, London: Routledge.

Finger, J. M., and J. J. Nogues (2002), “The Unbalanced Uruguay Round Outcome: The New Areas in Future WTO Negotiations”, The World Economy 25(3), pp. 321–39.

Fratianni, M., and J. Pattison (2001), “International Organisations in a World of

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Regionalism, Multilateralism, and Economic Integration: The Recent Experience
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents v
  • Figures vii
  • Tables viii
  • Abbreviations x
  • Foreword xiii
  • Part I - Setting the Scene 1
  • 1 - Introduction 3
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 2 - A Framework for Assessing Regional Trade Agreements: Wto-Plus 18
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • Part II - Case Studies in Regional Agreements 33
  • 3 - The Association Agreement Between the European Union and Poland 35
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 4 - The Eu–mexico Free Trade Agreement: Assessing the Eu Approach to Regulatory Issues 62
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 5 - The Euro-Mediterranean Agreements 100
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 6 - The North American Free Trade Agreement 135
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 7 - The Chile–canada Free Trade Agreement 167
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 8 - The Closer Economic Relations Agreement Between Australia and New Zealand 202
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • Part III - Horizontal Case Studies 225
  • 9 - Food Safety and Eco-Labelling Regulations: a Case of Transatlantic Regulatory Regionalism? 227
  • Notes 251
  • References *
  • 10 - Regulations Confronting Trade in Services 253
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • Part IV - Conclusions 275
  • 11 - Trade in a World of Regions 277
  • Appendix 296
  • Notes 312
  • References *
  • 12 - Conclusions 314
  • Appendix 340
  • Notes 348
  • References *
  • Contributors 349
  • Index 353
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