This strengthening of the GPA comes, however, at a time when there is dwindling support for the multilateralization of the GPA disciplines, which could be confirmed by developments in other regions, such as the Free Trade Area of the Americas.
The EU–Poland Europe Agreement includes provision for “bid challenge” by companies if they feel they have not been treated fairly in contract award procedures.
See chapter 6 on NAFTA, but also parts of chapters 4 and especially 7, which discuss
some detailed provisions on NAFTA in the policy areas under consideration.
OECD guidelines on good regulatory practice and open international markets also place
some emphasis on the “least trade restrictive measure” test (OECD, 1998).
See chapter 9, which argues that here is a case of regulatory regionalism.
The case studies in this volume do not cover such private regimes in any depth, but these
are likely to play a growing role in regulatory responses to globalization.
OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) (1998), Regulatory Reform. Volume II: Thematic Studies, Paris: OECD.
OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) (2000), Trade and Regulatory Reform: Insights from OECD Country Reviews and Other Analysis, Working Party of the Trade Committee, TD/TC/
WP(2000)21/Final 3, Paris, November.
Woolcock, Stephen (2001), “A Synthesis of the Results of Horizontal Case
Studies in Technical Barriers to Trade, Public Procurement, Services and Investment”, background paper for the European Commission funded project
“Looking at Regional Agreements Afresh”, April.