Shanghaied? The Economic and Political Implications of the Flow of Information Technology and Investment across the Taiwan Strait

By Michael S. Chase; Kevin L. Pollpeter et al. | Go to book overview

SUMMARY
This report examines the controversial issue of flows of information technology and investment between Taiwan and China, with a particular focus on the semiconductor industry. The goals of this report are threefold: (1) to comprehensively analyze the investment and IT transfer dynamic between Taiwan and China; (2) to assess the impact of these developments for cross-Strait relations, the global semiconductor industry, and the advancement of science and technology development in China; and (3) to evaluate the implications of the findings for U.S. government analysis and policymaking, particularly in the area of hightechnology export controls.
OVERALL TRENDS IN CROSS-STRAIT FLOWS OF CAPITAL AND TECHNOLOGY

IT Production and Trade
The scope and scale of trade and investment flows across the Taiwan Strait has increased dramatically in recent years, driven in large part by the increasing integration of the information technology sectors of Taiwan and the People's Republic of China (PRC). Taiwanese IT companies began to shift production of labor-intensive products-including keyboards, mice, monitors, motherboards, and power-supply units-to offshore locations in the late 1980s and early 1990s to take advantage of lower labor costs in China and Southeast Asia.
In 2002, more than 49 percent of Taiwan's IT hardware was made in China, and Taiwanese-invested companies produced more than 70 percent of the electronics made in China.
The share of Taiwan's IT hardware production in mainland China reached 60 percent in 2003, while the share of Taiwan's IT hardware production remaining in Taiwan declined further, to about 26 percent, according to industry analysts.
China's displacement of Taiwan as the world's third-largest producer of IT hardware items has touched off a debate in

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Shanghaied? The Economic and Political Implications of the Flow of Information Technology and Investment across the Taiwan Strait
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Preface iii
  • The Rand Corporation Quality Assurance Process v
  • Contents vii
  • Figures ix
  • Tables xi
  • Summary xiii
  • Acknowledgments xxv
  • Acronyms xxvii
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • 2 - Government Policies and Cross-Strait Flows 3
  • 3 - The Current Cross-Strait Information Technology Dynamic: Statistics and Case Studies 43
  • 4 - Assessment of Key Analytical Questions and Policy Implications 135
  • Bibliography 157
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