At one stage in its development this was a much bigger book, attempting to tell the story along two parallel lines, one proceeding southwestward from Virginia and the other emanating from Wade Hampton's South Carolina. At a second stage, recognizing that everything cannot be done in a book of moderate length, the Carolina stream was reduced to an appendix. Even then, as I endeavored to suggest the differences between the origin, nature, and effects of the tobacco and cotton culture of the Chesapeake and those springing from the Low Country cultivation of rice, indigo, and sugar, and the equivalent differences between the intellectual elite of Virginia and that of the Carolinas, the appendix grew to book length. The men of the Chesapeake and those of the Low Country talked, wrote, and lived differently from each other; their architecture and their way of arranging their buildings on the land differed; their effects upon the land differed, as well. So trusting the reader to be willing to leave all that aside, here are the other subjects I think essential to rounding out discussions initiated in the text but which if pursued in place would impede the course of the narrative or analysis.
and the Chesapeake Cities
Thomas Jefferson's encomium to the little seaport towns of the Chesapeake calls to mind John Adams's famous comment that his friend Jefferson was never happier than in the Paris of the ancien régime. The chasm between Port Tobacco or Norfolk and Paris is wide enough to include most of the cities of humankind, and all those having smokestacks. Yet the Chesapeake cities were handsome enough in a red-brick-with-white trim sort of way to induce many