I am grateful to the following publishers for permission to reprint short passages from the works stated: Columbia University Press for Sources of the Japanese Tradition by W. T. de Bary , Allen and Unwin for Anthology of Japanese Literature from the Earliest Era to the Nineteenth Century edited by Donald Keene , for Japan under Taisho Tenno 1912-1926 by A. M. Young , for Imperial Japan 1926-1938 also by A. M. Young; also Oxford University Press for Select Documents on Japanese Foreign Policy 1853-1868 edited by W. G. Beasley, the Japan Society, New York, for the Complete Journal of Townsend Harris edited by M. E. Cosenza, the Asiatic Society of Japan, Tokyo, for Japanese Government Documents, edited by W. W. McLaren, John Murray for A Handbook for Travellers in Japan edited by B. H. Chamberlain and W. B. Mason, Princeton University Press for The Economic Development of Japan. Growth and Structural Change 1868-1938 by W. W. Lockwood, Chatto and Windus for The Double Patriots: a Study of Japanese Nationalism, and Harvard University Press for Kokutai no Hongi. Cardinal Principles of the National Entity of Japan, edited by R. K. Hall.
I should also like to express my thanks to Mr Jiro Numata of the Shiryo-hensanjo, Tokyo University, for his help in obtaining photographs for use as illustrations; and to my wife, without whose assistance in such matters as typing and the preparation of maps this book would still be far from being finished.
W. G. Beasley
Japanese personal names are given in this book in the order in which they are used by the Japanese themselves: family name first, followed by given name.