Many Western visitors to Japan have written books about their experiences, sometimes good ones. Moreover, Western scholars, especially in the last fifteen years or so, have devoted a good deal of attention to the country's modern development. There is therefore a considerable literature which one might cite in a bibliography of Japan's modern history; and although I have tried to mention all works of outstanding importance in the lists which follow, it must be emphasized at the outset that the selection as a whole reflects a degree of personal taste and prejudice.
Those readers who would like to acquire a knowledge of Japanese history before the nineteenth century will find the best accounts in G. B. Sansom, Japan. A short cultural history (rev. ed., London, 1952) and the chapters on Japan in E. O. Reischauer and J. K. Fairbank, East Asia: the great tradition ( Boston, Mass., 1960).
The standard account of Japan's modern history is H. Borton , Japan's modern century ( New York, 1955). C. Yanaga, Japan since Perry ( New York, 1949) is more detailed, but more appropriate for reference than for general reading, while G. B. Sansom, The Western World and Japan ( New York, 1950) is a brilliant and readable study of cultural relations between Japan and the West from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries. Also important for the nineteenth century is E. H. Norman , Japan's emergence as a modern state ( New York, 1940). Two good political histories, one emphasizing parties and institutions, the other nationalism, are R. A. Scalapino, Democracy and the party movement in prewar Japan ( Berkeley, 1953) and D. M. Brown, Nationalism in Japan: an introductory historical analysis ( Berkeley, 1955). Economic history is treated more or less chronologically in G. C. Allen, A short economic history of modern Japan 1867-1937 (2nd rev. ed., with a supplementary