Foundations of Colonial America: A Documentary History - Vol. 3

By W. Keith Kavenagh | Go to book overview

GLOSSARY 1

ADVOWSON: The right of presenting a fit person to the bishop to be admitted and instituted to a certain benefice within the diocese, which is vacant. Types: appendant, attached to a manor and passes with it as incident to it; donative, the patron has the right to put his clerk in possession by his mere gift or deed of donation without presentation to the bishop; presentative the most usual kind, where a patron has the right of presentation to the bishop and to demand of him to institute his clerk, if he is canonically qualified.

AIDS: In feudal days a lord could call upon his tenants for help in emergencies. Magna Carta defined aids as ransom of the lord's person, help in knighting his eldest son, the marriage of his eldest daughter. Abolished in 1660.

ALIEN: Also, alienate. To convey or transfer property, title, or right to another voluntarily.

ALLOTMENT: Share or portion; apportionment; division. The distribution of land among themselves by town proprietors; the distribution of land under an enclosure act or agreement.

AMERCE: Also amercement. A pecuniary punishment, the amount of which is not fixed by law but left to the discretion of the court or punishing agency.

APPURTENANCE: Something of lesser value annexed to another thing of greater value, and which passes as incident to it, such as a right of way or other easements to land. Otherwise, it usually refers to such items as barns, gardens, orchards directly associated with a specific house or messuage.

AQUITANCE: Also acquittance. A written discharge, whereby one is freed from an obligation to pay money or perform a duty. It differs from a release in that an acquittance does not require a seal.

ARREARS: Also arrearages. Money unpaid at the time due; remainder due after a part that is owed is paid.

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1
Sources: Henry C. Black, Black's Law Dictionary, definitions of the terms and phrases of American and English jurisprudence, ancient and modern, 4th ed. (St. Paul, Minn., 1951); Alan Harding, A Social History of English Law (Middlesex, England, 1966); Sir William Holdsworth, A History of English Law, 7th rev. ed. (London, 1956) 16 vols.; Sir William Holdsworth, An Historical Introduction to the Land Law (Oxford, 1927); T. F. T. Plucknett, A Concise History of the Common Law, 5th ed. (London, 1956); T. F. T. Plucknett, Taswell-Langmead's English Constitutional History, 11th ed. (London, 1960).

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Foundations of Colonial America: A Documentary History - Vol. 3
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Foundations of Golonial America *
  • Preface v
  • Foundations of Colonial America *
  • Contents xi
  • Colonial Charters *
  • The Structure and Function of Government *
  • The Regulation of the Status and Activities of Individuals *
  • Taxation *
  • Regulation of Economic Activity *
  • Ecclesiastical Affairs *
  • Acts of Parliament and Royal Pr Oclama Tions *
  • Local Government *
  • Land Acquisition *
  • Laws Affecting Property Ownership *
  • Public and Private Records of Land Distribution Deeds, Grants, Patents *
  • Public and Private Records of Land Distribution: Wills and Estates *
  • Glossary *
  • Table of Regnal Years *
  • Bibliography *
  • Index *
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