A book in sociolinguistics owes everything to the writing, thinking and talk of others. In this I am privileged to have worked with many people who have shaped my ideas and inspired me to think further about language and life. Paul Simpson, Andrew Hamer, and Kay Richardson first taught me the broad meaning of the word ‘sociolinguistics’. More than any other area, I have learnt about sociolinguistics by teaching it and I am grateful to all the students who have taken my courses and especially those whose work and thinking appears directly here: James Baderman, Chris Barenberg, Virginia Barnes, Vicky Bristow, Lauren Buckland, Miranda Chadwick, Li En Chong, Joel Dothie, Sharlene Goff, Matthew Hassan, Naomi Holdstock, Judith Jones, Louise Kessler, Tim Knebel, I Ching Ng, Kate Oakley, Vicki Oliver, Lynne Senior, Joanna Shirley, Hardip Singh Amarjit Kaur, Martin Stepanek, Zoe Taylor, Kathryn Tibbs, Katherine West, Sarah Wood, and Ben Woolhead. I have benefited from discussions over the years while teaching with David Cordiner, Maureen Alam, Louise Mullany, and Rocio Montoro, and owe many of the ideas and language examples in the following pages to the conversations and hospitality of friends and colleagues around the world. It is a hazard of talking to me that you might end up as a piece of data: thanks to Michael Burke, Ron Carter, Urszula Clark, Annette Combrink, Szilvia Csabi, Zoltan Dornyei, Anthea Fraser-Gupta, Alex Gavins, Lucy Henderson, Howard Jackson, Lesley Jeffries, Carmen Llamas, Mike McCarthy, Iain MacGregor, John McRae, Yoshifumi Saito, Norbert Schmitt, Barbara Sinclair, Ismail Talib, Masanori Toyota, Peter Verdonk, Doug Yates, Sonia Zyngier and of course to my wife Joanna Gavins for living through much of the data with me.
This book is dedicated to the men and women of Teesside, who have the accent of home.
The author and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce copyright material:
John Edwards for extracts from Multilingualism (Routledge, 1995);
The Evening Gazette, Teesside for the ‘Teesside Tommy’ column by Anthony Vickers, from 24 July, 1999;
Norman Fairclough and Arnold Publishers for extracts from Media Discourse (1995);