Applied Geography: Principles and Practice: an Introduction to Useful Research in Physical, Environmental and Human Geography

By Michael Pacione | Go to book overview

39

HIV/AIDS, poverty, exclusion and the third world

Tony Barnett


INTRODUCTION

Recent estimates show that infection with HIV, which causes AIDS, is far more common in the world than was previously thought. UNAIDS (the United Nations agency that coordinates activities to combat the epidemic) and the WHO (the World Health Organisation) estimate that over 30 million people were living with HIV infection at the end of 1997. That is one in every 100 adults in the ‘sexually active’ age group 15 to 50 years worldwide. Included in this 30 million are 1.1 million children under the age of 15. The overwhelming majority of HIV-infected people —more than 90 per cent—live in the developing world. Most of these do not know that they are infected. Table 39.1 shows the global situation at the end of 1997.

Assuming that currently unbroken global trends continue, UNAIDS estimates that more than 40 million people will be living with HIV in the year 2000. An estimated 2.3 million people died of AIDS in 1997. These deaths represent a fifth of the total 11.7 million AIDS deaths since

Table 39.1 Global summary of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, December 1997.

People newly infected with HIV in 1997

Adults

Women

Children <15 years

Total

5.1 million

2.1 million

590,000

5.8 million

People living with HIV/AIDS

Adults

Women

Children <15 years

Total

29.5 million

12.2 million

1.1 million

30.6 million

AIDS deaths in 1997

Adults

Women

Children <15 years

Total

1.8 million

820,000

460,000

2.3 million

AIDS deaths since the beginning of the epidemic

Adults

Women

Children <15 years

Total

9.0 million

4.0 million

2.7 million

11.7 million

Source: UNAIDS Web Site, January 1998.

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