NOTES

Part I: The Establishment of the Moscow Art Theatre

INTRODUCTION
1
The Moscow Art Theatre finally acquired its own, brand new, building on the occasion of its seventy-fifth anniversary in 1973. The seeds of the subsequent split were sown at this point, with the separate existence of two Moscow Art Theatres—the new one on Tverskoy Boulevard and the old one off Tverskaya Street (formerly Gorky Street) where it had been since 1902. The unofficial split came about in 1986 when Oleg Yefremov, who, in 1970, had been given the task of rejuvenating the Moscow Art Theatre, relinquished control of the new building. Tat’yana Doronina (whom Yefremov had invited in 1970 to join the company from Georgiy Tovstonogov’s Leningrad Bolshoy Drama Theatre) assumed control of the new building in the name of the Theatre’s more conservative wing. With the break-up of the Soviet Union, the older theatre, named after Gorky in 1932, rechristened itself in ‘pre-Soviet’ style after Chekhov, whilst the new building retained its association with the name of Gorky.
2
Rabota aktera nad soboy (‘An Actor’s Work on Himself’) published in two separate parts in English translation as An Actor Prepares and Building a Character.
3
Among the worst years of Stalinist repression were those between 1934 (when the official ideology of ‘socialist realism’ was first promulgated) and 1941, when the invasion of Nazi forces signalled Russia’s entry into the Second World War. Intense work on his theory preoccupied Stanislavsky during the critical period 1934-8, culminating in the publication of Rabota aktera nad soboy in 1938, the year of his death. These years saw the purges and the show trials, mass starvation as a consequence of collectivisation, mass deportations, the arbitrary arrest of millions of ‘dissidents’, the building of forced labour camps, the closure of theatres (including those of Meyerhold, Tairov and N.P. Okhlopkov), and the glorification of Stanislavsky and the Moscow Art

-209-

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The Moscow Art Theatre
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgements ix
  • A Note on Transliteration and Names x
  • Part I - The Establishment of the Moscow Art Theatre 1
  • Introduction 3
  • 1 - Historical Background 13
  • 2 - The Society of Art and Literature 24
  • 3 - The Creation of a New Theatre 32
  • 4 - The Hermitage Theatre on Carriage Row 49
  • 5 - Actors, Salaries, Conditions of Service 58
  • 6 - Savva Morozov and the Lianozov Theatre 68
  • Part II - The Moscow Art Theatre Repertoire 1898-1917 83
  • 7 - First Season: 1898-1899 85
  • 8 - Second Season: 1899-1900 112
  • 9 - Third Season: 1900-1901 121
  • 10 - Fourth Season: 1901-1902 128
  • 11 - Fifth Season: 1902-1903 132
  • 12 - Sixth Season: 1903-1904 152
  • 13 - Season Seven to Season Ten: 1904-1908 165
  • 14 - Seasons Eleven and Twelve: 1908-1909 178
  • 15 - Season Twelve to Season Twenty: 1909-1917 199
  • 16 - Conclusion 204
  • Notes 209
  • Bibliography 226
  • Index 232
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