Imagine ten children at a table dividing up food. The three healthiest load their plates with large portions, including most of the meat, fish, milk and eggs. They eat what they want and dis# card the leftovers. Two other children get just enough to meet their basic requirements. The remaining five are left wanting. Three of them -- sickly, nervous, apathetic children -- manage to stave off the feeling of hunger by filling up on bread and rice. The other two cannot do even that. One dies from dysentery and the second from pneumonia, which they are too weak to ward off.
These children represent the human family. If present world food production were evenly divided among all the world's people, with minimal waste, everyone would have enough. Barely enough, perhaps, but enough. However, the world's food supply is not evenly divided. The rich 30 percent of the world produces about 60 percent of the food, and consumes about 50 percent of it.
You might conclude from this that the problem is one of distribution, and to a large extent it is. The distribution of food among nations and within nations could be greatly improved through various reforms, all of them complex and most of them long-range -- such as providing jobs and incomes that would ennable the very poor to buy the food they need. To adequately nourish everyone with present levels of production would take a near-utopian arrangement, and even that would not insure