Although at first sight this Cleopatra appears to be a figure of legend rather than fact, as I have suggested she may well have been a member of the family already ruling the area when Perdiccas and his brothers first arrived on the scene from Argos. After first making a dynastic alliance with this family, headed at the time by a king ‘Midas’, Perdiccas was eventually able to displace them and drive them into exile in their turn. Such a reconstruction of events would certainly help to explain the seemingly contradictory traditions which we have about Midas, for while one source has him as a Phrygian king ‘invading’ Europe, another represents him as ruler of a Macedonian tribe called the Briges, who was subsequently forced to emigrate with his people to Phrygia where he became king by adoption. The detail that at the time of Perdiccas’ arrival the Briges themselves may no longer have existed in the Macedonian area as a separate tribal group is not significant. 1 What is significant is that both traditions have preserved a common memory of an enmity between an indigenous people and a group of newcomers, which had arisen out of competition for the same fertile region of Macedonia.
More importantly, as far as we know, the first Perdiccas never had any trouble from his two brothers who had accompanied him