Relating Architecture to Landscape

By Jan Birksted | Go to book overview

Introduction

The essays in this section look at the dimensions of time and space—and therefore movement through space—and at physical materials and qualities. Mara Miller looks at how Japanese gardens structure time both by highlighting different scales of time (geological, seasonal, biological and historical) and by contrasting different experiences of time (mathematical, individual, social). This is achieved through diversity of perceptions—visual, tactile, etc.—and through variety of movement in terms of rhythm and pace in relation to those perceptions. Jan Woudstra looks at the material qualities of the Scandinavian Modernist tradition of detailing outdoor spaces. This involved both detailing (outdoor lighting and paving and so on) and the siting of buildings in the landscape in relationship to existing vegetation and geomorphological forms. It also involved the development of outdoor spaces for public recreation, including the invention of new typologies such as playgrounds. In the light of this Scandinavian example, Woudstra discusses new problems that have arisen today: in particular the globalisation of standard factory-produced detailing for outdoor spaces. Jacques Leenhardt explores the textural qualities of the Latin American vegetation used by Robert Burle Marx. He also discusses the specific spatial qualities that Burle Marx developed from his experience of painting, drawing and print-making in terms of verticality and horizontality and in terms of the 41 relationships between colour, form and texture. Burle Marx’s exploration of the activity of painting and silk-screen printing also relates to his investigations into the counterpointing of freedom of movement versus the static point of view. Leenhardt analyses Marx’s use of size, scale, distance and materials in relation to the tension between legibility of the overall plan and movement through the (only partially visible) plan. Leenhardt thus analyses the different components of the dynamic experience of space in a Roberto Burle Marx landscape or garden.

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Relating Architecture to Landscape
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgements vii
  • Introduction 1
  • Notes 6
  • Section One 13
  • Introduction 15
  • Introduction - To Modern Gardens (1953) 16
  • Section Two 39
  • Introduction 41
  • Time and Temporality in Japanese Gardens 43
  • Notes 57
  • Some Recommended Books on Japanese Gardens 58
  • Detailing and Materials of Outdoor Space: the Scandinavian Example 59
  • Notes 75
  • Playing with Artifice: Roberto Burle Marx’s Gardens 77
  • Section Three 103
  • Introduction 105
  • External Interior/Internal Exterior Spaces at the Maeght Foundation 106
  • 1 - Plan of Prague Castle 120
  • References 157
  • The Re-Invention of the Site 158
  • Notes 172
  • Section Four 175
  • Introduction 177
  • Hans Scharoun, Schminke House, LöBau, Saxony 1932-33: Garden by Herta Hammerbacher and Hermann Mattern 178
  • Notes 193
  • 1 - Road to Acropolis, Sketch 194
  • Notes 204
  • Notes 227
  • Section Five 229
  • Introduction 231
  • The Necessity of Invention: Bernard Lassus’s Garden Landscapes 232
  • Notes 243
  • The Prospect at Dungeness: Derek Jarman’s Garden 244
  • Notes 258
  • Building in Nature 261
  • Contributors 281
  • Index 285
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