Relating Architecture to Landscape

By Jan Birksted | Go to book overview

Notes
1
Hubertus Tellenbach and Bin Kimura, ‘The Japanese Concept of “Nature”’, in I. Callicott and J. Baird, Nature in Asian Traditions of Thought (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1989), pp. 153-181.
2
I am thinking here of such motifs as the rocks or islands in the shapes of tortoises and cranes, Chinese symbols of longevity and therefore of good fortune, and the Taoist-inspired Islands of the Immortals, and the themes of plants favoured by Confucian scholars for their virtues—the pine, bamboo, orchid, plum.
3
I must emphasise here that there are a number of distinct genres of Japanese gardens—stroll gardens, tea gardens, scholars’ gardens, monastic dry rock gardens, etc., each with its own set of principles and effects. For further references on Japanese gardens, see the list of books at the end.
4
The grande dame is of course the Japanese Tea Garden at Golden Gate Park in San Francisco, but recently more authentically structured Japanese gardens have been built in Atlanta, Boston, Denver, New York, San Jose, St. Louis and Vancouver, among others.
5
Doris Lessing, Under My Skin: Volume One of My Autobiography, to 1949 (New York & London: HarperCollins Publishers, 1994), p. 109.
6
The modern Japanese and Latin equivalents were provided by the translator, not the author of the present article.
7
(Lady) Murasaki Shikibu, The Tale of Genji, translated by Edward G. Seidensticker (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1991), pp. 384-385.
8
Japan used a lunar calendar.
9
Jun’ichiro Tanizaki, The Makioka Sisters (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1957).
10
For a study of the problems inherent in trying to use photographs for the purpose of understanding gardens, see Mara Miller, The Garden as an Art (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1993), pp. 47-50.
11
Stefan Morawski, Inquiries into the Fundamentals of Aesthetics (Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 1974, 1978). This is in some ways comparable to Kant’s notion of aesthetic disinterest and Bullough’s notion of aesthetic distance. For a discussion of problems that arise when these notions are applied to gardens, see Miller, op. cit, chapters 5 and 6.

-57-

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Relating Architecture to Landscape
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgements vii
  • Introduction 1
  • Notes 6
  • Section One 13
  • Introduction 15
  • Introduction - To Modern Gardens (1953) 16
  • Section Two 39
  • Introduction 41
  • Time and Temporality in Japanese Gardens 43
  • Notes 57
  • Some Recommended Books on Japanese Gardens 58
  • Detailing and Materials of Outdoor Space: the Scandinavian Example 59
  • Notes 75
  • Playing with Artifice: Roberto Burle Marx’s Gardens 77
  • Section Three 103
  • Introduction 105
  • External Interior/Internal Exterior Spaces at the Maeght Foundation 106
  • 1 - Plan of Prague Castle 120
  • References 157
  • The Re-Invention of the Site 158
  • Notes 172
  • Section Four 175
  • Introduction 177
  • Hans Scharoun, Schminke House, LöBau, Saxony 1932-33: Garden by Herta Hammerbacher and Hermann Mattern 178
  • Notes 193
  • 1 - Road to Acropolis, Sketch 194
  • Notes 204
  • Notes 227
  • Section Five 229
  • Introduction 231
  • The Necessity of Invention: Bernard Lassus’s Garden Landscapes 232
  • Notes 243
  • The Prospect at Dungeness: Derek Jarman’s Garden 244
  • Notes 258
  • Building in Nature 261
  • Contributors 281
  • Index 285
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