Appendix: Environmental impact questions
Single-purposism, as we have seen, tends to create projects that harm the environment. Instead, we should design projects with as favourable an environmental impact as possible. This is the objective of environmental impact design. The questions about impact in this appendix have been grouped, as general and sectoral questions, similarly to their discussion in the book. Clearly, they overlap and the list is incomplete. It needs to be elaborated. As land-users, we tend to take an interest in the environmental consequences of our neighbours’ activities and to resent questions about our own. We are aggrieved when public goods are damaged and delighted when the supply is augmented. If damage is unavoidable, we expect compensatory measures. Environmental compensation, delivered at the point of impact, is economically more efficient than financial compensation. It goes to the people who have suffered a loss. We should, by asking questions, audit the impact of development projects on public goods
|• when a landowner applies for planning permission, a building licence or authorization from an environmental quality regulator; |
|• when public money is to be spent on a project, so that society can obtain the maximum social benefit at the minimum social cost. |
The questions can be used to carry out a public goods audit of proposed development projects.
PART 1:General questions
Objectives Is it a single-objective project or a multi-objective project?
Planning process Have the affected landowners and land-users helped to generate the plan?
Impact on public goods Will the existing stock of public goods be increased or decreased?