Details of sources and literature occurring only once or twice will be given in full in the notes. English translations are given where they are available.
Agathias, History, trans. J.D.C. Frendo (Berlin/New York, 1975).
The Alexiad of the Princess Anna Comnene, trans. E.R.A. Sewter (Harmondsworth, 1969);
Alexiad, trans. E.A. Dawes (London, 1928).
Chronicon Paschale, 284-628 A.D., trans. M. and M. Whitby (Liverpool, 1989).